For example, suppose a writer's stated purpose is to help the reader make an informed decision about whether to attend a two-year college or a four-year university. Notice that by breaking the 100 year span into distinct 25 year chunks, the writer can create an outline that follows the guidelines of outlining described under "Principles of Organizing." This outline contains four mutually exclusive and balanced sections of information. This pattern is particularly effective when writing a persuasive document in which the writer advocates some action to solve a problem, because it demonstrates important relationships between variables. 1. Using this pattern, each "type" represents a main section of information. It’s important to emphasize here that patterns of organization or methods of developing content usually happen naturally as a consequence of the way the writer engages with and organizes information while writing. Few patterns are popular in mainstream communication studies. However, if you begin very broadly, it might be effective to end your essay in a more specific, personal way. A variation of this organizational pattern involves dividing a topic into "past-present-future" or" before-during-after" segments. Four-year. For the writer, a well organized outline of information serves as a blue print for action. This is an effective pattern to use when the reader can better understand one subject when it is described in relation to another. The simplest form of this pattern is shown below. Nonfiction also can organize steps or information in time order. Patterns of Organization For this exercise, read each passage and answer the questions that follow. In the same way that no two people can ever be the same, no two companies are identical. Increasing "road rage" from traffic-related stress, Bike riding reduces the number of motorized vehicles in use, Bike riding has physical and psychological health benefits. This pattern is typically used in persuasive writing, where the writer's general purpose is to convince the reader to support a certain course of action. For example, it’s possible that each of your paragraphs will be its own triangle, starting with the general or specific and moving out or in. Patterns of organization can help your readers follow the ideas within your essay and your paragraphs, but they can also work as methods of development to help you recognize and further develop ideas and relationships in your writing. One way to outline this information would be to divide the type of wine by its color, as shown in example one. Pay attention to how different writers emphasize and develop their main ideas, and use what you find to inspire you in your own writing. The organizational pattern is a process that assists in structuring and organizing your ideas, thoughts, speech as well as a presentation for optimal impact. A. European For the reader, clear organization greatly enhances the ease with which one can understand and remember the information being presented. He/she could organize the information in one of the following two ways. Now take the pie out of the oven and let it cool on the stovetop. Suppose a writer's stated purpose is to explain the causes of conflict escalation and their effects. Notice that a series of related smaller steps are grouped into one larger category. Each of these, then, contains a … Cause and Effect Pattern Example One The patterns are usually inspired by analyzing multiple professional organizations and finding common structures in their social networks. You can emphasize the words problem and solution to signal these sections of your paper for your reader. What audience would be attracted to which one? I. Navigation Online Tests Chronological Patterns A chronological pattern of organization arranges information according to a progression of time, either forward or backward. A statement in opposition to this idea could just as easily establish contrast by explaining all the ways that addiction is different from what we traditionally understand as an illness. Describe the problem, followed by the solution. Patterns provide an incremental path to organizational improvement. The following tables will help you to identify different organizational patterns. Here’s an example article from the New York times: “Who Wants to Shop in a Big Box Store, Anyway?” The author explores some interesting differences between the average American and average Indian consumer to contemplate the potential success of big box stores in India and also to contemplate why these giant big box corporations, like Walmart or Target, might have to rethink their business model. Then he/she will show how the proposed solution - riding bikes - provides a beneficial alternative to driving. First the writer will attempt to establish that common forms of motorized transportation create compelling problems that require a solution. In the solution section, the writer identifies a potential solution and supports the effectiveness of this solution over others. Or a problem may be followed by several solutions, one of which is selected as the best. What a tough day at work taught you about yourself or others. Thus, a process which involves many specific steps can be simplified by highlighting the most fundamental steps, which helps the reader understand the process and remember its key parts. Being able to identify a PATTERN OF ORGANIZATION can help you follow the development of a writer's ideas. In the written language these patterns help you follow ideas more easily and, therefore, improve your understanding of the text. Cause-Effect Patterns They would be shocked to know how many pollutants are in the air causing a multitude of health problems in Portland’s citizens. Here’s an example article from the Center for Media Literacy (originally published in the journal Media & Values): “From Savers to Spenders: How Children Became a Consumer Market.” To encourage his readers to think about why and how children are being marketed to by advertisers, the author uses a historical chronology of how the spending habits of children changed over a number of decades. Choose one of the following topics, and practice writing a few opening sentences like we did above, once using the general-to-specific format and once using the specific-to-general. Here are some strategies that can help you with both organization and development in your essays. It’s important to note that they should not be a starting point for writers who want to write something authentic—something that they care deeply about. 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