Wisconsin is home to the world's oldest operational racetrack. A third of that ten percent comes from out of state sources, mostly wind generated electricity from Minnesota and Iowa. The growing population allowed Wisconsin to gain statehood on May 29, 1848, as the 30th state. [34] Yankees also speculated in real estate, platted towns such as Racine, Beloit, Burlington, and Janesville, and established schools, civic institutions, and Congregationalist churches. 2017 County Health Rankings Released! Tourist destinations such as the House on the Rock near Spring Green, Circus World Museum in Baraboo, and The Dells of the Wisconsin River draw thousands of visitors annually, and festivals such as Summerfest and the EAA Oshkosh Airshow draw international attention, along with hundreds of thousands of visitors. Milwaukee hosts Summerfest, dubbed "The World's Largest Music Festival", every year. Also provided is cross-country service via the Empire Builder with stops in several cities across Wisconsin. Drinking has long been considered a significant part of Wisconsin culture, and the state ranks at or near the top of national measures of per-capita alcohol consumption, consumption of alcohol per state, and proportion of drinkers. [15], The Algonquian word for Wisconsin and its original meaning have both grown obscure. The Wisconsin median household income in the past 12 months is $59,209 in 2018 inflation-adjusted dollars according to the US Census Bureau's 2018 American Community Survey. Elkhorn is a city located in Wisconsin.With a 2020 population of 10,208, it is the 92nd largest city in Wisconsin and the 3059th largest city in the United States. Only about 63,000 residents in 1850 had been born in Wisconsin. Maier remained in office for 28 years, the longest-serving mayor in Milwaukee history. Dane County, Wisconsin. The Wisconsin Badgers football former head coach Barry Alvarez led the Badgers to three Rose Bowl championships, including back-to-back victories in 1999 and 2000. Many other schools in the University of Wisconsin system compete in the Wisconsin Intercollegiate Athletic Conference at the Division III level. However, Kagen survived only two terms and was replaced by Republican Reid Ribble in the Republican Party's sweep of Wisconsin in November 2010, the first time the Republican Party had taken back both chambers of the state legislature and the governorship in the same election. [147] The Wisconsin Tavern League opposes raising the alcoholic beverage tax. The Demographic Services Center annually produces population estimates for Wisconsin counties and municipalities. Population and Housing Unit Estimates. Major consumer products companies based in the state include SC Johnson & Co., and Diversey, Inc. Wisconsin also ranks first nationwide in the production of paper products; the lower Fox River from Lake Winnebago to Green Bay has 24 paper mills along its 39 miles (63 km) stretch. Just to the south, the Northern Highland has massive mixed hardwood and coniferous forests including the 1,500,000 acres (6,100 km2) Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest, as well as thousands of glacial lakes, and the state's highest point, Timms Hill. Name Status Population Census 1990-04-01 Population Census 2000-04-01 Population Census 2010-04-01 Population Estimate 2019-07-01; Wisconsin: State: 4,891,954: 5,363,757 The state undertook welfare reform under Republican Governor Tommy Thompson during the 1990s. Wisconsin does not collect inheritance taxes. Obama nevertheless carried Wisconsin by a margin of 53% to 46%. Overall SnackAbility 9 Population: 5,269. [25] Frenchmen like Nicholas Perrot continued to ply the fur trade across Wisconsin through the 17th and 18th centuries, but the French made no permanent settlements in Wisconsin before Great Britain won control of the region following the French and Indian War in 1763. The legislature of Wisconsin Territory made the current spelling official in 1845. Christianity is the predominant religion of Wisconsin. [111] The per capita personal income was $35,239 in 2008. Recent leading Republicans include former Governor Tommy Thompson and Congressman Jim Sensenbrenner; prominent Democrats include Senators Herb Kohl and Russ Feingold, the only Senator to vote against the Patriot Act in 2001, and Congressman David Obey.[103]. [31] The sudden influx of white miners prompted tension with the local Native American population. Dewey oversaw the transition from the territorial to the new state government. The system is expected to be expanded in the future. Equalized values are used to distribute state aid payments to counties, municipalities, and technical colleges. [66], Most of Wisconsin is classified as warm-summer humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), while southern and southwestern portions are classified as hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa). Republicans took control of the governor's office and both houses of the state legislature. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Real Wisconsin GDP, at $349.416 bn in 2019, is at the highest level recorded to date. [140], Wisconsin's music festivals include Eaux Claires,[141] Country Fest, Country Jam USA, the Hodag Country Festival, Porterfield Country Music Festival, Country Thunder USA in Twin Lakes,[141] and Country USA. Wisconsin collects personal income taxes (based on five income brackets) which range from 4% to 7.65%. One of the most prevalent game animals is the whitetail deer. The Wisconsin Ruffed Grouse Management Plan 2020-2030 was approved by the Natural Resources Board on Dec. 11, 2019. [150] In 2008, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources projected the pre-hunt deer population to be between 1.5 and 1.7 million. Wisconsin is the 23rd-largest state by total area and the 20th-most populous. Wisconsin's Constitution outlines the structure and function of state government, which is organized into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. Tom Barrett, the mayor of Milwaukee and Walker's 2010 opponent, won the Democratic primary and faced Walker again. In 1960, around 3.95 million … Population Of Wisconsin 2020: (Population Growth Demography, Facts) up26 October 25, 2019 State No Comments Wisconsin is a state placed in the North-central part of the U.S. The Erie Canal facilitated the travel of both Yankee settlers and European immigrants to Wisconsin Territory. [21] Other Native American groups living in Wisconsin when Europeans first settled included the Ojibwa, Sauk, Fox, Kickapoo, and Pottawatomie, who migrated to Wisconsin from the east between 1500 and 1700. [91] As of 2010, the Catholic Church had the highest number of adherents in Wisconsin (at 1,425,523), followed by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 414,326 members, and the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod with 223,279 adherents. Therefore, each year it has been noticed that the population increases by around 0.012 Million. Between 1850 and 1900, the immigrants were mostly Germans, Scandinavians (the largest group being Norwegian), Irish, and Poles. In the Great Lakes region, only Detroit and Cleveland have a higher percentage of African-American residents. One leading theory holds that the name originated from the Miami word Meskonsing, meaning "it lies red", a reference to the setting of the Wisconsin River as it flows through the reddish sandstone of the Wisconsin Dells. Two U.S. Navy battleships, BB-9 and BB-64, were named for the state. The first permanent settlers, mostly French Canadians, some Anglo-New Englanders and a few African American freedmen, arrived in Wisconsin while it was under British control. [104] However, Obey retired and the once-Democratic seat was taken by Republican Sean Duffy in November 2010. [66], During the Civil War, Wisconsin was a Republican state; in fact it is the state that gave birth to the Republican Party, although ethno-religious issues in the late 19th century caused a brief split in the coalition. In March 2017, the state's unemployment rate was 3.4% (seasonally adjusted).[112]. [81], Of the residents of Wisconsin, 71.7% were born in Wisconsin, 23.0% were born in a different US state, 0.7% were born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s), and 4.6% were foreign born.[82]. [125], The distinctive Door Peninsula, which extends off the eastern coast of the state, contains one of the state's tourist destinations, Door County. [26], The British gradually took over Wisconsin during the French and Indian War, taking control of Green Bay in 1761 and gaining control of all of Wisconsin in 1763. Amtrak provides daily passenger rail service between Chicago and Milwaukee through the Hiawatha Service. The largest city in Wisconsin is Milwaukee, with a population of 590,157. Its influence faded in the late 1950s, largely because of the red scare and racial tensions. Through the first half of the 20th century, Wisconsin's politics were dominated by Robert La Follette and his sons, originally of the Republican Party, but later of the revived Progressive Party. The state capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee, which is on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The first people arrived around 10,000 BCE during the Wisconsin Glaciation. Since its founding, Wisconsin has been ethnically heterogeneous. Major Wisconsin companies in these categories include the Kohler Company; Mercury Marine; Rockwell Automation; Johnson Controls; John Deere; Briggs & Stratton; Milwaukee Electric Tool Company; Miller Electric; Caterpillar Inc.; Joy Global; Oshkosh Corporation; Harley-Davidson; Case IH; S. C. Johnson & Son; Ashley Furniture; Ariens; and Evinrude Outboard Motors. A border dispute with Michigan was settled by two cases, both Wisconsin v. Michigan, in 1934 and 1935. Towns are unincorporated minor civil divisions of counties with limited self-government. [56] Walker enacted other bills promoting conservative governance, such as a right-to-work law,[57] abortion restrictions,[58] and legislation removing certain gun controls.[59][60][61]. Monona Terrace in Madison, a convention center designed by Taliesin architect Anthony Puttnam, is based on a 1930s design by Wisconsin native Frank Lloyd Wright. The population of Wisconsin in 2018 was 5,807,406, a 0.3% increase from 2017. [107] In response to the bill, enough signatures were gathered to force a recall election against Governor Walker. Wisconsin is served by eight commercial service airports, in addition to a number of general aviation airports. In the United States Senate Wisconsin is represented by Ron Johnson and Tammy Baldwin. [102] The first Socialist mayor of a large city in the United States was Emil Seidel, elected mayor of Milwaukee in 1910; another Socialist, Daniel Hoan, was mayor of Milwaukee from 1916 to 1940; and a third, Frank P. Zeidler, from 1948 to 1960. Value for Wisconsin (Percent): 2.4% Data item: Population, percent change - April 1, 2010 (estimates base) to July 1, 2019, (V2019) Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program (PEP), updated annually. Both the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections were quite close, with Wisconsin receiving heavy doses of national advertising, in accord with its status as a "swing", or pivot, state. State Population Estimate, 1/1/2019: 5,843,443 Change from Census 2010: 156 ,457 (+ 2.75% ) The Demographic Services Center develops annual population estimates for each Wisconsin Municipality and County. Wisconsin is also home to the Madison Mallards, the La Crosse Loggers, the Lakeshore Chinooks, the Eau Claire Express, the Fond du Lac Dock Spiders, the Green Bay Booyah, the Kenosha Kingfish, the Wisconsin Woodchucks, and the Wisconsin Rapids Rafters of the Northwoods League, a collegiate all-star summer league. The Bennett Law campaign of 1890 dealt with foreign language teaching in schools. [114][115] It is second in milk production, after California,[116] and third in per-capita milk production, behind California and Vermont. Wisconsin took part in several political extremes in the mid to late 20th century, ranging from the anti-communist crusades of Senator Joseph McCarthy in the 1950s to the radical antiwar protests at UW-Madison that culminated in the Sterling Hall bombing in August 1970. In addition to the governor, the executive branch includes five other elected constitutional officers: Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Attorney General, Treasurer, and State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Lambeau Field, located in Green Bay, Wisconsin, is home to the National Football League's Green Bay Packers. The circuit courts are Wisconsin's trial courts, they have original jurisdiction in all civil and criminal cases within the state. Tourism is a major industry in Wisconsin—the state's third largest, according to the Department of Tourism. [100] Wisconsin has had a diplomatic relationship with the Japanese prefecture of Chiba since 1990. By fall of that year, the best prairie groves of the counties surrounding what is now Milwaukee were occupied by farmers from the New England states.[33]. Glover was taken into custody under the Federal Fugitive Slave Law, but a mob of abolitionists stormed the prison where Glover was held and helped him escape to Canada. The estimates are based on the prior census and analysis of contemporary data including housing units, dormitory and institutional populations, automobile registrations, and other indicators of population change. The Milwaukee Mile, located in Wisconsin State Fair Park in West Allis, Wisconsin, held races there that considerably predate the Indy 500. [55] A series of major protests by union supporters took place that year in response to the changes, and Walker survived a recall election held the next year, becoming the first governor in United States history to do so. [35][36][37] At the same time, many Germans, Irish, Norwegians, and other immigrants also settled in towns and farms across the territory, establishing Catholic and Lutheran institutions. Housing units, July 1, 2019, (V2019) X: Owner-occupied housing unit rate, 2014-2018: 41.8%: Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2014-2018 [17], Wisconsin has been home to a wide variety of cultures over the past 14,000 years. On February 14, 2011, the Wisconsin State Capitol erupted with protests when the Legislature took up a bill that would end most collective bargaining rights for state employees, except for wages, to address the $3.6 bil. Following the period of French fur traders, the next wave of settlers were miners, many of whom were Cornish, who settled the southwestern area of the state. In the North Country, what had been an industrial area focused on timber has largely been transformed into a vacation destination. The conference is one of the most successful in the nation, claiming 107 NCAA national championships in 15 different sports as of March 30, 2015.[155]. Register Now: Midwest Forum on Hospitals, Health Systems and Population Health Register Now: Preventing Falls Among Older Adults: What’s New and Emerging at UW? Population and Housing Unit Estimates. Overall, 46% of Wisconsin's land area is covered by forest. [29], Wisconsin became a territorial possession of the United States in 1783 after the American Revolutionary War. Charles Michel de Langlade is generally recognized as the first settler, establishing a trading post at Green Bay in 1745, and moving there permanently in 1764. These economic activities had dire environmental consequences. A Mexican consulate opened in Milwaukee on July 1, 2016. Senator Tammy Baldwin was also elected to a second term and Democrats won all constitutional statewide offices on the ballot including Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, and State Treasurer, the first time this happened in Wisconsin since 1982. In 2010 Wisconsin's gross state product was $248.3 billion, making it 21st among U.S. [148], The varied landscape of Wisconsin makes the state a popular vacation destination for outdoor recreation. [32], Following these conflicts, Wisconsin Territory was created by an act of the United States Congress on April 20, 1836. Trends in Wisconsin Real GDP. The 2019 Wisconsin Spring Election was held in the U.S. state of Wisconsin on April 2, 2019. Although German immigrants settled throughout the state, the largest concentration was in Milwaukee. The word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking Native American groups living in the region at the time of European contact. Immigration resulted in a net increase of 59,251 people, and migration from within the U.S. resulted in a net decrease of 72,006 people. Milwaukee County, Wisconsin. "Legislators took license with ideas for slogan on plate", The lesser coat of arms of France as used by the, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Superintendent of Public Instruction of Wisconsin, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United States presidential elections in Wisconsin, List of state trunk highways in Wisconsin, List of municipalities in Wisconsin by population, List of colleges and universities in Wisconsin, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Wisconsin Intercollegiate Athletic Conference, "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "Ginseng continues rebound in central Wisconsin", "Wisconsin's Name: Where it Came from and What it Means", "The Mississippi Voyage of Jolliet and Marquette, 1673", "Stephen H. Long and the Naming of Wisconsin", On Wisconsin: The Derivation and Referent of an Old Puzzle in American Placenames, "Turning Points in Wisconsin History: Arrival of the First Europeans", "French colonial attitudes and the exploration of Jolliet and Marquette", "Dictionary of Wisconsin History: Langlade, Charles Michel", "Wisconsin's Former Governors, 1848–1959", "Turning Points in Wisconsin History: The Iron Brigade, Old Abe and Military Affairs", "Turning Points in Wisconsin History: The Modern Environmental Movement", "Wisconsin's Legal History: Law and the Progressive Era, Part 3: Reforming the Workplace", "The Establishment of Wisconsin's Income Tax", "The Wisconsin Idea: The University's Service to the State", "The Origins of Unemployment Insurance in Wisconsin", "Tommy Thompson: Human Services Reformer", "Wisconsin Gov. [18] After the ice age ended around 8000 BCE, people in the subsequent Archaic period lived by hunting, fishing, and gathering food from wild plants. In the middle of the state, the Central Plain has some unique sandstone formations like the Dells of the Wisconsin River in addition to rich farmland. Later however, in April 2019, conservative judge Brian Hagedorn defeated his liberal opponent Lisa Neubauer by 6,100 votes. "Milk Cows and Production—23 Selected States: March 2011 and 2012" in United States Department of Agriculture. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 150,659 people (i.e., 614,771 births minus 464,112 deaths) and an decrease due to net migration of 12,755 people. Today, public post-secondary education in Wisconsin includes both the 26-campus University of Wisconsin System, with the flagship university University of Wisconsin–Madison, and the 16-campus Wisconsin Technical College System. Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development. Click the Quick Info  icon to the left of each row in TABLE view to learn about sampling error. The Wisconsin Area Music Industry provides an annual WAMI event where it presents an awards show for top Wisconsin artists.[142]. There are no toll roads in Wisconsin; highway construction and maintenance are funded in part by motor fuel tax revenues, and the remaining balance is drawn from the State General Fund. 86% of Wisconsin's African-American population live in four cities: Milwaukee, Racine, Beloit, Kenosha, with Milwaukee home to nearly three-fourths of the state's black Americans. Although Democrats gained eight seats in the state Assembly, Republicans retained a five-vote majority. [153], The state also has minor league teams in hockey (Milwaukee Admirals) and baseball (the Wisconsin Timber Rattlers, based in Appleton and the Beloit Snappers of the Class A minor leagues). [14] Subsequent French writers changed the spelling from Meskousing to Ouisconsin, and over time this became the name for both the Wisconsin River and the surrounding lands. Republicans had a stronghold in the Fox Valley, but elected a Democrat, Steve Kagen, of Appleton, for the 8th Congressional District in 2006. The "Wisconsin Idea" exemplified the Progressive movement within colleges and universities at the time.[138]. The 2.1 mile (3.4 km) initial line runs from Milwaukee Intermodal Station to Burns Commons. [80] Menominee County is the only county in the eastern United States with a Native American majority. The state is divided into five distinct regions. Case & Company in Racine were founded to build agricultural equipment. [110] Manufacturing accounts for about 20% of the state's gross domestic product, a proportion that is third among all states. [19] Later, between 1000 and 1500 CE, the Mississippian and Oneota cultures built substantial settlements including the fortified village at Aztalan in southeast Wisconsin. [127], On January 1, 2008, a new tax incentive for the film industry came into effect. The league is made up of former professional, collegiate, and high school players. [118] The state ranks first nationally in the production of corn for silage, cranberries[119] ginseng,[120] and snap beans for processing. Outdoor activities are popular in Wisconsin, especially hunting and fishing. Protecting and promoting the health and safety of the people of Wisconsin. The phenomenon was referred to as "sewer socialism" because the elected officials were more concerned with public works and reform than with revolution (although revolutionary socialism existed in the city as well). In a trial stemming from the incident, the Wisconsin Supreme Court ultimately declared the Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional. Numerous ethnic festivals are held throughout Wisconsin to celebrate the heritage of its citizens. Railroads were built across the state to help transport grains to market, and industries like J.I. Property taxes are the most important tax revenue source for Wisconsin's local governments, as well as major methods of funding school districts, vocational technical colleges, special purpose districts and tax incremental finance districts. The current governor, Tony Evers, assumed office on January 7, 2019. [132] Commuter rail provider Metra's Union Pacific North (UP-N) line has its northern terminus in Kenosha, the only Metra line and station in the state of Wisconsin. Non-highway road construction and maintenance are funded by local governments (municipalities or counties). [51] Later, UW economics professors John R. Commons and Harold Groves helped Wisconsin create the first unemployment compensation program in the United States in 1932. The state is one of the nation's leading dairy producers and is known as "America's Dairyland"; it is particularly famous for its cheese. The table below shows the racial composition of Wisconsin's population as of 2016. From 1763 to 1780, Green Bay was a prosperous community which produced its own foodstuff, built graceful cottages and held dances and festivities. Teams from Wisconsin include: The Green Bay Gladiators from Green Bay, The Fox Valley Force in Appleton, The Kimberly Storm in Kimberly, The Central Wisconsin Spartans in Wausau, The Eau Claire Crush and the Chippewa Valley Predators from Eau Claire, and the Lake Superior Rage from Superior. Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, many European settlers entered the state, many of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Model-based estimates of wolf population size in Wisconsin WDNR scientists used a recently developed occupancy modelling approach to estimate total wolf abundance from 2019 –2020 track survey data. Some miners found shelter in the holes they had dug, and earned the nickname "badgers", leading to Wisconsin's identity as the "Badger State". 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