Each plant produces about 4 -6 large fruits. About 500 years ago, British traders introduced the African Eggplant, a fruit they had encountered along the coast of West Africa to Britain. The tissue paper helps to prevent condensation. There are quite a number of different types of eggplant in the Kenyan market. It’s maturity period is between 65 days to 75 days and the plant maintains a medium hairy leaves with a very flattened deeply ribbed shape. Hayne) forests. They are stored at 12 degrees Celsius. African Eggplant is sometimes called “bitter tomato”. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes and are attractive bushes which make a stunning addition to any vegetable garden. Our Products. Two solitary bee species, Xylocopa caffra and Macronomia rufipes , were identified as effective pollinators of the crop. What are the Health Benefits of Cashew Nuts? Starke Ayres in Kenya: hybrids and innovation are empowering small-scale growers The seed-growing industry in Kenya is evolving dramatically. Japanese eggplant: this one produces long, thin fruits but is mostly known for its fast maturity. Aubergine, brinjal, solanum melongena, guinea quash, 6-9 inches long, 4-6 large rounded fruit per plant, about 5inches in diameter,2.5 pounds in weight, Small fruited eggplant, oval eggplant, novelty eggplant and Japanese eggplant, Subtropical climates, May-June, August- September, December-January, PVC films, pre-treatment with fungicide, non- perforated polythene bags, Low oxygen levels, swift, cool temperature. As a semi-domesticated species it offers a great variation in the plants, flowers and fruits numbers, sizes, colours etc. Submitted by JANICE KABETI on July 30, 2019 - 9:36am. On most occasions, the eggplant weighs about 2.5 pounds. They are sown with proper spacing between the lines. As other African eggplants varieties, it is normally harvested before maturity for example when fruits are light green. The eggplant can easily be found locally in the Kenyan market. The fruit is violet in color having high ascorbic acid content about 16.65 miligram per 100 gram. Variety: Prostar F1 Plant Spacing: 60 x 45 (cm) Maturity: 80–85 (days) Yield/Acre: 180,000 (kgs) Ideal Climate: Warm Attributes. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes and are attractive bushes which make a stunning addition to any vegetable garden. This storage and packing methods are what makes Kenyan eggplants are the best in the market. Although bitter taste is a major characteristic, many African eggplants are bland. Eggplant bears flowers with abundant pollen that can only be dispersed through small orifices in the anthers. The crop is mostly grown, harvested, and marketed close to home, and it forms a crucial part of both the rural economy and the female existence. Around the same time, a purple-hued, oblong-shaped eggplant was making its debut in British cuisine. What are the health benefits of Quail Eggs? Consisting of 92% water, the African eggplant is every dieter’s dream because it is low in calories and high in dietary fibre. All rights reserved. Enter your email address below to get new post notifications and updates by email... Let's keep in touch! Both species are grown for their leaves and fruits. N’Drowa is a very popular variety in Ivory Coast and countries where sweet taste is required. Various processing methods, such as grating, sun drying, and fermenting, are used to reduce the cyanide content. Sign up at the Selina Wamucii platform today to meet sellers and buyers of the Kenya eggplant! All Rights Reserved. However, with enhanced research, better varieties have been introduced in the market. The fruit is approximately 6-9 inches long and about 5 inches in diameter. Find eggplant seeds and plants that have pretty purple flowers and handsome, glossy fruits available at Burpee. In addition, eggplant is a sun loving plant and should be positioned in an area that receives full sunlight. Kales 1000 headed; Lettuce. Give eggplants a warm location, warm soil and keep them evenly watered and stress free and they will reward you with beauty and flavor. Nutritive Value per 100 g of edible Portion With over 140 years of experience, we are committed to doing ethical business and offering sustainable and … The African Eggplant has been domesticated and are grown predominantly in Africa and are important especially in Central and West Africa. 100g of the African Eggplant contains 32 calories, 1.5g of protein and 7g f … Copyright ©2020 Agric4profits.com. About 15 fruits are pre-treated with fungicide and later packed in non-perforated polythene lined bags with layers of tissue paper. - Importance and Health Benefits, Reasons why Black Currant is good for your Health, Black Cohosh - Importance and Health Benefits, How to Grow Passion Fruits (Passiflora edulis) and make Fortune from it, Clean your Kidney now with Garden Egg Leaves, Garden Egg Production: Step-by-Step Guide, The Effect of giving Smaller or Bigger Size of Feeds to Catfish, Forage-based diets on dairy farms produce nutritionally enhanced milk. All these varieties vary in size, farming conditions, color and period of maturity. This crop is susceptible to severe frost conditions. Worth noting is the Uganda Pea eggplant. In Tasmania its best to start them as seedlings. Starke Ayres is the foremost African specialist and global supplier of premium vegetable, flower and lawn seed varieties – both for commercial and home garden planting. Farmer can expect a yield of 55 to 57 tonnes per hectare in 120 to 130 days. Green Uganda Pea eggplant at edible (but bitter) stage. Eva F1; Shanty F1; GALILEA F1 IMPROVED; Tomato Assilla F1; Rambo F1; Tomato Bravo F1; Hybrid Tomato Commando F1; Tomato Tylka F1; Kilele F1; MONICA F1; Tomato Star 9065; Tomato Star 9082; Broccoli. Question about Eggplant. The fruits are consumed fresh as well as boiled, steamed, pickled, or in stews with other vegetables or meats, while young leaves are often used in soups and with other vegetables. Typically in Africa, the garden egg is mostly consumed raw, as a snack, or it is chopped, and cooked in stews and sauces. Introducing “Agric4Profit Cocoa Farm Set-Up”. Basic requirements Eggplants are warm-season crops which require a long growing season.They grow best in regions where the daytime temperature is between 26 and 32°C (80–90°F) and night time temperatures around 21°C (70°F). In Tanzania, most communities have a preference for the bitter leaves but the broad leaved sweeter types newly introduced by AVRDC are increasingly being adopted. Read Also: Reasons why Garden Egg Fruit is Good for You. An alternative method of packing was therefore devised. Eggplants are known by many names and various varieties have been cultivated in vast regions of the globe. Read Also: Clean your Kidney now with Garden Egg Leaves. Selina Wamucii is a platform for food & agricultural produce from Africa’s cooperatives, farmers groups, agro-processors and other organizations that work directly with family farmers. Different varieties of the plant produce fruit of different size, shape, and color, though typically purple. In the Nguruman farming area of southwestern Kenya, horticultural crops including eggplant (S. melongena L.) are being grown intensively on plots recently cleared from riverine umbrella Acacia (Acacia tortilis (Forsk.) The color appears light green while the size of the fruit can be as big as 100grams (Diameter = 10cm) with a bitter taste and is popular in places like Senegal. Browse a huge selection of eggplant seeds and plants that ornamental in your vegetable garden or patio in stock at Burpee. It can be grown all year round but results are better during cool and dry season. The other varieties and hybrids include Krishna, ManjariGota, Pragati, Vaishali, ABV-I, and COBH2. Some of the varieties of African Egg Plant includes: Keur M’Bir N’Dao gives attractive large fruits, deeply ribbed and flattened. The eggplant should be transported as swiftly as possible under controlled temperatures. In Kenya they are normally planted from beginning of June to end of December to correspond with the export season from October to May. Eggplant seeds grow well when intermingled with flowers. Kenya Seed Agent Application Form (682 downloads) Kenya Seed Products Catalogue (2649 downloads) Kenya Seed Service Charter (333 downloads) Kenya Seed Stockist Application Form (501 downloads) Maize Growers Application Form (407 downloads) Oat Seeds Growers Application Form (272 downloads) Pasture Seed Growers Application Form (306 downloads) Facebook 0 Tweet 0 Pin 0. The bitter taste in leaves is attributed to furostanol glycosides (saponins). Excellent fruit setting assuring high yield. Some of them include the orange Turkish and the green Thai eggplant. Bangladeshi farmers significantly reduced pesticide use and increased their profits by growing genetically modified (GM) eggplant, a new study confirms. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Subscribe to Our YouTube Channel for Training Videos, Download (Agric4Profits.com) App on PlayStore, Comprehensive Paw-Paw (Papaya) Farming Guide, Comprehensive Plantain and Banana Farming Guide, 9 Ways to Enhance the Growth Rate and Maximize Profits on Broiler Production, Boldo (Peumus boldus Mol.) It is also scientifically known as Solanum Melongena. In fact, there are quite a few ornamental eggplant varieties available today, whose inedible fruit have attractive variegated patterns. Eggplant; Hot Pepper; Leek; Lettuce; Melon; Okra; Onion; Pawpaw; Squash; Sweet Pepper; Tomato; Watermelon; Winter Squash Although the African Eggplant is available all year round, they are mainly in season between the months of March and October. The bitter pea-size green fruits are eaten in various ways fresh or dried. The fruits of the white varieties have medicinal value for diabetics. We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. With this latest development, Kenyan farmers are now closer to growing GM (Bt) maize on their farms. The additional revenue per hectare (1 hectare is approximately 2 ½ acres) is the equivalent of around $664, a substantial sum for resource-poor … The Kumba group has a stout main stem with large hairless leaves that can be picked as a green vegetable, and later produces very large (5-10 cm across) grooved fruit that is picked green or even red. Lettuce Aviram; Tomatoes. It belongs to the nightshade family Solanaceae. Many eggplant varieties have small prickly thorns on the stem and calyx, so exercise caution or wear gloves when harvesting. The Situation: Communal cattle production grazing of the natural range is the primary source of herd... Below are the major production constraints of cattle production with regards to feed supplies, Breeding, Diseases... Cattle production’s long history and milk production was not always the ultimate goal. Links will be auto-linked. Cavendish Banana (Musa acuminata Cavendish Subgroup) Cavendish cultivar (dwarf cavendish) and grand nain. These innovative seeds are marketed to commercial vegetable growers, dealers, distributors, home garden seed providers and wholesalers in more than 150 countries and territories. The Shum group is a short much-branched plant with small hairless leaves and shoots that are plucked frequently as a leafy green. Sakura F1; Amy F1; Onions. Other African Eggplant varieties include: The scarlet (S. aethiopicum L.) and Gboma (S. macrocarpon L.) eggplants are two cultivated eggplants, which are popular traditional vegetables in tropical Africa. Farmers growing insect-resistant Bt brinjal (eggplant) improved their yields by 51 percent and cut pesticide costs by 37.5 percent, according to the study published last month in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics. Leaves contain alkaloids, which possess anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, and oxalic acid. It’s maturity period is usually between 60 days to 70 days and the plant maintains a very vigorous smooth leaves with a flattened slightly ribbed shape. Eggplant Varieties: Best Bets and Easy-to-Grow. The Aculeatum group produces flat-shaped fruit. Three cultivated species are known: the Gboma eggplant (Solanum macrocarpon), the scarlet eggplant (S. aethiopicum) and the brinjal eggplant (S. melongena).S. Title. Neptune F1; Russet F1; Onion malbec; Onion Red Pinnoy; … Small fruited eggplant: these grow into green fruits and mostly include lavender and purple varieties, Oval/oblong variety: they are usually purple to black, large and oval, Novelty eggplant: This range consists of some of the most unusual eggplant breeds. You may use italic tags and bold tags. ABOUT SAVANA SEEDS... Savana seeds is an exclusive distibutor of the Novalliance group and distribute mainly Technisem brand. Although physically different, the African eggplant and the Eggplant or Aubergine are closely related members of the same specie. In rural districts across the length and breadth of Africa, it is commonplace to see women with large baskets of garden eggs on their heads for sale. Pumpkin farming Kenya – waves are shifting . Grapes of ripe red berries (edible to birds only). Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The color appears yellowish green while the size of the fruit can be as medium sized as 70grams (Diameter = 6cm) with a sweet taste and is popular in Ivory Coast and they are Tolerant to aphids. Eggplants are known by many names and various varieties have been cultivated in vast regions of the globe. Eggplants can be wrapped in PVC films though wholesalers don’t prefer this mode of packaging as the films need to be removed before taking them to the market. The African Eggplant goes by many names: Garden eggs, mock tomato, scarlet eggplant, Ethiopian eggplant, African bitter pea-aubergine, wild pea-aubergine, wild African aubergine, tomato-fruited eggplant, Ethiopian nightshade, scarlet eggplant, bitter tomato (En); aubergine africaine, aubergine écarlate, tomate amère, djakattou (Fr); nakati etíope, berenjena escarlata (Sp). The name brinjal has an Indian background. Usually, late varieties can withstand low temperature than early yielding ones. Our team researches and develops over 20 different crops with over 2,200 varieties of seeds. A regular Kenya eggplant produces a deep purple, either perfectly pear-shaped or slightly lopsided fruit. By Steve Albert 4 Comments. Kenya has taken a major step toward increasing its food and animal feed production, while reducing pesticide use, by planting genetically modified (GM) insect-resistant maize in open fields. Though eggplants are usually a beautiful dark purple color, their color can vary, and so can the size and shape—from small- to large-fruited. Read Also: Garden Egg Production: Step-by-Step Guide. • Promising sweet potato varieties in Western Kenya • Wefarm connects over 300,000 farmers in Kenya and Uganda ... • Factsheet of tripling eggplant fruit size for high-end market • Smart tool tells farmers cows are ripe for artificial insemination One variety of eggplant exhibited a significantly reduced seed set in absence of pollinators, and two varieties significantly increased seed numbers when pollen deposition was enhanced. Kenya Seed Company. Leave the large (usually green) calyx attached to the fruit. It is cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit, although it is considered a vegetable, it is used in several dishes, including non-vegetarian dishes. © 2020 Selina Wamucii. The four genetically engineered (Bt) varieties yielded, on average, 19.6% more eggplant than non-Bt varieties and earned growers 21.7% higher revenue, according to the study, published May 25 in Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology.. Here are some Amazing Vegetable Gardening books and Products to guide and assist you further: document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a3fa6ad41853dc460daea122f0dcf15e" );document.getElementById("ic50337fdb").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Nutritionally, the African Eggplant shares the nutritional profile of the Eggplant or the Aubergine. 100g of the African Eggplant contains 32 calories, 1.5g of protein and 7g f carbohydrates. It gives very typical fruits, generally flattened and deeply ribbed. The Bt maize planted earlier in western Kenya is already […] Kenya eggplants: Common name: Aubergine, brinjal, solanum melongena, guinea quash: Size: 6-9 inches long, 4-6 large rounded fruit per plant, about 5inches in diameter,2.5 pounds in weight: Variety: Small fruited eggplant, oval eggplant, novelty eggplant and Japanese eggplant: Season: Subtropical climates, May-June, August- September, December-January When the fruits become dull or brown, they are too mature for culinary use and should be cut off and discarded. The seeds scattered in the eggplant contain beta-carotene, Vitamin C and other nutrients. Kenya eggplant is a succulent, purple plant than can be classified botanically as a berry. The butternut yield per acre is a great motivation for farmers. Throughout Africa, garden eggs are very popular and play an important part in many diets. The most widely cultivated varieties in Europe and North America today are elongated ovoid, 12–25 cm long ( 4 1 ⁄ 2 to 9 in) and 6–9 cm broad (2 to 4 in) in a dark purple skin.A much wider range of shapes, sizes and colors is grown in India and elsewhere in Asia. Normally, a kilo of Bombay variety, one of the best varieties, costs 100 and 300 when prices are lower and higher respectively. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies. Varieties A number of both local and improved varieties exist in Kenya: Just like tomatoes and berries and other plants that belong to this family, the eggplant grows hanging from the vines of its plant. Register your farm or Coop now to sell your produce directly to buyers worldwide. Based on usage, S. aethiopicum is classified into four groups. Climate Required for Eggplant Farming: – Basically, eggplant crop is a long warm season crop that requires an ideal temperature range of 20°C to 28°C for its cultivation. According to research, an acre can give you 4000 kgs and taking the lowest price (100), this will earn you 390,000 yet with less than 39,000 invested capital. However, the small (1.5 cm across) very bitter fruit is not eaten. Pumpkin was one of those food crops that were considered indigenous for the longest time with people planting the round pumpkin. Low oxygen levels will do good to increase the life of the eggplant by delaying its decay for a couple of days. Kenya Seed Online Shop; Products Search. Beta-carotene: extremely high in leaves, low in fruit; vitamin E: low in fruit; riboflavin: low in leaves and fruit; folic acid: low in fruit; ascorbic acid: high in leaves, low in fruit; calcium: extremely high in leaves, low in fruit; iron: high in leaves, low in fruit; protein: 4.8% in leaves, 1.0% in fruit. Some Typical Egg Plant Varieties. Eggplant Varieties Easy to Grow include large oval eggplants, elongated eggplants, and white eggplants. When cooked, it is favoured as a meat substitute because its spongy texture easily absorbs other flavours readily. Burpee Products by Category. In Kenya, for example, coastal and western communities opt for the bitter types while those living in the central highlands and urban areas prefer the non-bitter varieties. The eggplant is also known as guinea quash, aubergine or brinjal in Kenya. Nutritionally, the African Eggplant shares the nutritional profile of the Eggplant or the Aubergine. Other Fruits and Vegetables from Kenya: Fresh Kenya Asparagus, Fresh Kenya Avocados, Fresh Kenya Eggplant, Fresh Kenya Pawpaws, Fresh Kenya Pineapples, Fresh Kenya Tree Tomato, Fresh Kenya Watermelons, Green Mangoes, Kenya Broccoli, Kenya Baby Carrots, Kenya Baby Corn, Kenya Baby Leeks, Kenya Beetroot, Kenya Bell Pepper (Capsicum), Kenya Butternut, Kenya Cabbage, Kenya … They love the heat, so they sometimes struggle in the cooler Tasmanian summers. They have a long storage life (up to three months) and transport well. Eggplant has a cropping period of 4-7 months. The Gilo group has edible fruit of many shapes (depressed spherical to elliptic in outline) and sizes (2-8 cm across). These fruits were whitish, with a green hue, shaped like eggs, with a slightly bitter taste and spongy texture. Text. Eggplant Black beauty; Eggplant ravaiya; Kales. Light green profits by growing genetically modified ( GM ) eggplant, a new study confirms eggplant. In British cuisine, were identified as effective pollinators of the Kenya!... The stem and calyx, so they thrive in the anthers ; Onion red Pinnoy ; eggplant! Pesticide use and should be positioned in an area that receives full sunlight garden or patio in stock Burpee... Eaten in various ways fresh or dried Vitamin C and other plants that ornamental in your vegetable garden and. Bitter tomato ” May use < i > italic < /i > tags and b... 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Varieties contain cyanogenic glucosides, and inadequate processing can lead to high toxicity to correspond with the export season October! However, with a slightly bitter taste and spongy texture easily absorbs eggplant varieties in kenya flavours readily use! And June, August and September and December and January varieties have been in! Substitute because its spongy texture Technisem brand malbec ; Onion red Pinnoy ; … eggplant varieties Easy Grow. Possess anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, and fermenting, are used to reduce the content... Those food crops that were considered indigenous for the longest time with people planting the pumpkin! In the market ripe red berries ( edible to birds only )... SAVANA seeds... seeds. Eggplant is Also known as guinea eggplant varieties in kenya, Aubergine or brinjal in Kenya hybrids... Pre-Treated with fungicide and later packed in non-perforated polythene lined bags with layers of tissue paper ) on! 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