Abnormal results may indicate that the blood is low in oxygen, that the patient is breathing too much or too little (on a ventilator during the surgical procedure), or that they need additional oxygen. In contrast, antinuclear antibodies often attack your body's own tissues — specifically targeting each cell's nucleus.In most cases, a positive ANA test indicates that your immune system has launched a misdirected attack on your own tissue — in other words, an autoimmune reaction. Please note: If your doctor says you’re fine but your tests results are somewhat different from the range shown here, don’t be alarmed. Hemoglobin is a protein contained within red RBCs that sends oxygen from the lungs to the bodyâs tissues. Blood tests, sometimes called blood panels, are one of a physician’s most basic tools. High levels are a possible indicator of heart problems.. ALT (alanine aminotransferase)This test looks at levels of the liver enzyme ALT. Doctors can use the results to diagnose thyroid conditions, such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Healthy range: 70 to 99 mg/dL for the average adult (the elderly tend to score higher even when they are healthy). Called “Cancer Antigen 125,” it is primarily used as a tumor marker for women who are suspected to have ovarian cancer. This lab test measures the total amount of bilirubin in the blood, including direct and indirect bilirubin. , Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme typically produced in liver and bone cells. Too much bilirubin in the blood results in the patient looking yellow, or jaundiced. The usual place for a sample to be taken from is the inside of the elbow or wrist, where the veins are relatively close to the surface. The lab tests the average amount of hemoglobin present in each red blood cell. For those from non-medical backgrounds, the reports provided following blood tests can be complex and difficult to decipher. The CBC can evaluate your overall health and detect a variety of diseases and conditions, such as infections , … To get accurate readings, be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions in preparing for tests. Excess chloride may indicate an overly acidic environment in the body. PotassiumThis mineral is essential for relaying nerve impulses, maintaining proper muscle functions, and regulating heartbeats. After the sample has been analyzed in the lab and the results compiled, a blood test report will in most cases be supplied to the testee. Below, we’ve explained some of the commonly measured indicators of health. The most common reasons for equivocal results are presence of an immune response but unclear if against the infection being tested for (COVID-19 in this case) or similar infections (the common cold is a type of coronavirus). âAspartate aminotransferase (AST).â Accessed July 28, 2017. â©, Healthline. Irregularities in sodium levels may indicate dehydration; disorders of the adrenal glands; excessive intake of salt, corticosteroids, or pain-relieving medications; or problems with the liver or kidneys. Prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, is a protein produced by normal, as well as malignant, cells of the prostate gland.The PSA test measures the level of PSA in a man’s blood. An RDW blood test can help to confirm test results for blood disorders and other conditions when combined with other tests. You may, for example, be asked not to eat and to drink only water for anywhere from a few hours to 12 hours beforehand. Blood tests are done to help watch your body’s response to treatment.  It consists of a number of sub-tests: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is an enzyme mostly produced by liver cells. However, any abnormality does need to be investigated to find out what the cause is. Learn To Read Your Wellness Blood Test Results! Blood tests are done to help watch your body’s response to treatment. Total Bilirubin (T. Bili) Lab Results. When you have cancer it often seems like someone is always taking blood for some kind of test. *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. An increased level of chloride can indicate dehydration as well as kidney disorders and adrenal gland dysfunction. TriglyceridesThese fats are found in the bloodstream and may contribute to heart disease and other health problems. Sample Test Results and Specific Blood Test Results Explained. , This test measures the volume of nitrogen in the blood. Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)This test measures the average volume of red blood cells, or the average amount of space each red blood cell fills. White Blood Cell (WBC) Normal range: 4,300-10,800cmm. âComprehensive Metabolic Panel - Topic Overview.â Accessed July 28, 2017. â©, WebMD. The CBC also measures the oxygen-carrying protein, hemoglobin, and checks the ratio of red blood cells to fluid (plasma). You need to know about blood cells to learn how to read blood test results. There is agreement on the normal PSA levels of men as follows: 1 The CPK blood test usually shows total levels of creatine kinase in the blood, as well as percentages of … Blood test results explained. In this case, “width” refers to a measurement of distribution, not the size of the cells. Vitamin B-12 is an important vitamin for many bodily functions, such as brain health, blood cell production, and proper nerve functioning. For more information about a wider range of tests, search the blood test A-Z index on Lab Tests Online UK. Blood tests allow a doctor to see a detailed analysis of any disease markers, the nutrients and waste products in your blood as well as how various organs (e.g., kidneys and liver) are functioning. SodiumAnother member of the electrolyte family, the mineral sodium helps your body balance water levels and helps with nerve impulses and muscle contractions. Within each are various sub-tests, which altogether give a broad picture of an individualâs health. Elevated protein levels could indicate a health condition in need of attention. âBlood Test Results: Your Guide to Understanding the Numbers.â, âThe Ultimate Guide to Decoding Your Blood Test Results.â, âComplete blood count (CBC): Overview.â, âLow white blood cell count: Causes.â, âHemoglobin: What are normal hemoglobin values?â, âLow Platelet Count (Thrombocytopenia).â, âComprehensive Metabolic Panel - Topic Overview.â, âCholesterol ratio: Is it important?â. Normal range for PSA results in young men is 4 – 10, in elder men is slightly higher. The arm is a convenient part of the body to use because it can be easily uncovered. , The lab tests for kidney and liver dysfunction which is useful in diagnosing conditions such as neonatal jaundice, anemia and liver diseases. For this test, a blood sample is sent to a laboratory for analysis. WBC (white blood cell) leukocyte countWhite blood cells help fight infections, so a high white blood cell count could be helpful for identifying infections. Understanding blood glucose level ranges can be a key part of diabetes self-management. An ANA test detects antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in your blood. âThe Ultimate Guide to Decoding Your Blood Test Results.â February 18, 2015. Many specialized tests are available too. While not part of the standard blood panel, thyroid tests are helpful for those dealing with fatigue and weight gain, or weight loss and feelings of nervousness or hyperactivity. Last Updated: September 19, 2020Originally Published: August 20, 2012. Low levels of hemoglobin may indicate anemia. The results are a calculation of the average amount of hemoglobin that the red blood cells are able to contain. Too much phosphorus could indicate a problem with kidneys or the parathyroid gland. Red blood cells pick up oxygen from the blood and deliver it to tissues throughout the body. âLow Platelet Count (Thrombocytopenia).â February 8, 2016. Blood tests results are explained as follows, for red blood cells count tests the results are explained as below normal levels if someone is suffering from certain ailments though at the moment may be unspecific. Levels outside of the normal range can indicate conditions such as anemia, malnutrition and liver disease. And even then, people of color and older individuals may not be able to manufacture sufficient quantities for optimal health. Low scores are risk factors for heart disease. BilirubinThis provides information about liver and kidney functions, problems in bile ducts, and anemia. Sodium is a mineral that aids nerve impulses and muscle contractions, as well as balancing water levels. Doctors will usually check for abnormal creatine kinase levels if a person shows signs of a heart attack.However, the CPK blood test can also be used to help diagnose reasons for muscular disorders (e.g. Diuretics (a substance or medication used to increase urination) can cause potassium levels to fall. Lab and medical professionals develop and review all content, including articles on lab tests, conditions/diseases, screenings & more. Understanding your Serum Antibody (Blood Test) Results. Your CBC test will show the white blood cell count that will help evaluate the performance of your immune system. The number of platelets may also indicate a health condition. They are confined to the bone marrow and their purpose is to develop into mature neutrophils. HDL cholesterol, also known as high-density lipoprotein (or good cholesterol), is useful in protecting against heart disease. High values may indicate a problem with kidney function. Blood tests are one of a doctor's basic tools to check your health or test for certain conditions, illnesses, and abnormalities. The fasting blood sugar test is done after at least 6 hours without food or drink other than water. Blood tests use the metric measurement system and abbreviations such as the following: Blood tests allow a doctor to see a detailed analysis of any disease markers, the nutrients and waste products in your blood as well as how various organs (e.g., kidneys and liver) are functioning. A blood test – sometimes referred to as a blood panel – is a laboratory … Blood tests for thyroid function—TSH, total T4, free T3, TSI, and others—are an important part of diagnosing and treating thyroid disorders. Understanding your Serum Antibody (Blood Test) Results. Irregularities in this test could signal an infection, inflammation, autoimmune disorders, anemia, or other health concerns. Healthy hemoglobin levels vary by gender. âComplete blood count (CBC): Overview.â October 18, 2016. It helps us determine the total number of RBCs and gives us an idea of their lifespan, but it does not indicate where problems originate. There is agreement on the normal PSA levels of … However, any abnormality does need to be investigated to find out what the cause is. The complete blood count (CBC) is a group of tests that evaluate the cells that circulate in blood, including red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets (PLTs). The CBC test examines cellular elements in the blood, including red blood cells, various white blood cells, and platelets. Accessed July 28, 2017. â©, Greatist. LDL cholesterol, also known as low-density lipoprotein (or bad cholesterol), is linked to heart disease and clogged arteries. The HbA1c test. © 2020 Newport Natural Health, part of Eagle Wellness, LLC. The lab tests the five main components of white blood cells and their proportion to each other. BNP widens your blood vessels to help improve circulation. âHemoglobin: What are normal hemoglobin values?â Accessed July 28, 2017. â©, Healthgrades. More importantly, hemoglobin delivers oxygen from the lungs to the entire body; then it returns to the lungs with carbon dioxide, which we exhale. Too little vitamin D can put you at risk for broken bones, heart disease, cancer, and a host of other ailments. Reference ranges for blood tests are sets of values used by a health professional to interpret a set of medical test results from blood samples.Reference ranges for blood tests are studied within the field of clinical chemistry (also known as "clinical biochemistry", "chemical pathology" or "pure blood chemistry"), the area of pathology that is generally concerned with analysis of bodily fluids. This test measures the bodyâs chloride levels. The report details the various components in the blood and at what level they are present. A typical routine blood test is the complete blood count, also called CBC, to count your red and white blood cells as well as measure your hemoglobin levels and other blood components. BUN/creatinine ratioThis test shows if kidneys are eliminating waste properly. The hemoglobin test is also useful in diagnosing anemia, with many practitioners preferring this test over the hematocrit test. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician. Not a definitive test. Results that are too high could signal anemia, while those too low may indicate a nutritional deficiency. Updated November 25, 2018 If you’re like most of my patients, you’ve probably looked over the alphabet soup of acronyms and abbreviations in your blood test results and wondered what it all means. In the past few years, growing research into genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has revealed two ugly truths: GMOs... Now that summer has officially started, I figured I would share a list of some of my favorite juice recipes. There are several ways to test your B-12 levels. This test measures the overall levels of LDL (bad) and HDL (good) cholesterol in the blood. However, this form of testing is unable to pinpoint the root causes of any irregularities, meaning, if this is the case, further tests will be necessary.. Results, relevant ranges, and alerts are highlighted for illustrative purposes: Red Blood Count: Normal reading for a healthy adult is between 4.32 and 5.72 trillion/L. This test requires blood from an artery, which is fully oxygenated by the lungs and is typically drawn from the radial artery in the wrist. To check for heart disease risk, you may have a lipoprotein panel that measures l… More investigations may be needed to sort out the exact cause of the problem. This includes a CBC (complete blood count) and blood chemistries that analyze chemical components in the blood. Accessed July 28, 2017. â©, Healthline. PhosphorusPhosphorus plays an important role in bone health and is related to calcium levels. NHS Choices. Also called leukocytes, white blood cells increase in number when there is an infection in your body. There are quite a few more tests available, but the ones included here are among the most common. A high white blood cell count can indicate the presence of infection, while a low count can point towards various conditions, including HIV/AIDS and lupus. High levels are a possible indicator of anemia and low levels a possible sign of malnutrition. Blood tests allow a doctor to see a detailed analysis of any disease markers, the nutrients and waste products in your blood as well as how various organs (e.g., kidneys and liver) are functioning. 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