Ros means dew and marinus means sea. Batak: Rosmerin. You can also know the Rosemary Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. In Australia, sprigs of rosemary are worn on ANZAC Day and sometimes Remembrance Day to signify remembrance; the herb grows wild on the Gallipoli Peninsula, where many Australians died during World War I.[29]. Rosemary Scientific Facts. ; Description: Woody shrub of the Labiatae family, growing up to one meter high, with narrow, elongated leaves, dark green on their upper sides, and covered with a layer of fine silver hairs on their undersides. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Alecrim. Non-scientific name: common rosemary. It has … It soon was spread to South America and global distribution.[3]. The leaves have a pungent, slightly bitter taste and are generally used, dried or fresh, to season a variety of foods. Bahasa Indonesian: Rosmerin. [3], Rosemary is an aromatic evergreen shrub with leaves similar to hemlock needles. [12] There is no further mention of rosemary until the ancient Greeks and Romans. R. officinalis grows as a small evergreen shrub with thick, aromatic leaves. Rosemary is the common name for a woody, perennial herbaceous plant, Rosmarinus officinalis, characterized by fragrant, evergreen needle-like leaves and tiny, clustered, light blue, violet, pink, or white flowers.The name also refers specifically to the aromatic leaves of this plant, which are used as a herb for seasoning various dishes and used in perfumes. Fresh or dried leaves are used in traditional Mediterranean cuisine. Rosemary is a fragrant evergreen herb native to the Mediterranean. In its wild state it picks a spot close enough to the sea to catch the salty sea breeze on its leaves. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The length of rosemary’s evergreen leaf is 0.8 to 1.6 inches or 2 to 4 cm. It will not withstand waterlogging and some varieties are susceptible to frost. Elizabeth Kent noted in her Flora Domestica (1823), "The botanical name of this plant is compounded of two Latin words, signifying Sea-dew; and indeed Rosemary thrives best by the sea. Salvia rosmarinus, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region. The original manuscript can be found in the British Museum. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The latin name, ros marinus, loosely translated means the plant that loves the sea spray. Rosemary is susceptible to powdery mildew, particularly in humid conditions when air circulation is poor. The scientific name of Rosemary is the botanical name or formal name. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. The herb's new scientific name is now Salvia rosmarinus instead of Rosmarinus officinalis. This pine-scented evergreen of the Lamiaceae, or mint, family, can grow to 5 ft (1.5 m) in height in favorable settings. "[10] Both the original and current genus names of the species were applied by the 18th-century naturalist and founding taxonomist Carl Linnaeus. Rosemary oil is used for purposes of fragrant bodily perfumes or to emit an aroma into a room. It is native to the Mediterranean and Asia, but is reasonably hardy in cool climates. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Scientific name: Salvia rosmarinus. [16] Rosemary is used as a decorative plant in gardens. If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. Uses in landscape design It is widely cultivated for its aromatic and medicinal properties. "[30] It can also be found in Shakespeare's Winter's Tale in Act 4 Scene 4, where Perdita talks about "Rosemary and Rue". the size of leaves. Pliny the Elder (23–79 AD) wrote about it in The Natural History,[13] as did Pedanius Dioscorides (c. 40 to c. 90), a Greek botanist (amongst other things). Rosmarinus officinalis is the type species of the genus, as well as the most well-known rosemary species. The common name rosemary was drawn from the specific epithet, although rosmarinus does not mean "rose of Mary". N/A. [16] In Don Quixote (Part One, Chapter XVII), the fictional hero uses rosemary in his recipe for balm of fierabras. [29] Mourners would throw it into graves as a symbol of remembrance for the dead. Although rosemary is native to the Mediterranean, it is now cultivated worldwide, with more than 20 varieties described. [15], Rosemary finally arrived in the Americas with early European settlers in the beginning of the 17th century. [3] It is considered easy to grow and pest-resistant. Rosemary is a native of the mediteranean, growing specifically at the seas edge. Foliage: Produces aromatic linear and lance shaped dark green leaves with silvery undersides the leaves are also leathery textured and have slightly rolled edges. The other species most often recognized is the closely related, Salvia jordanii (formerly Rosmarinus eriocalyx), of the Maghreb of Africa and Iberia. It is considered one of the most powerful essential oils … Rosemary leaves are used as a flavoring in foods,[3] such as stuffing and roast lamb, pork, chicken, and turkey. The herb then made its way east to China and was naturalized there as early as 220 AD,[3] during the late Han Dynasty. They have a bitter, astringent taste and a characteristic aroma which complements many cooked foods. Learn more about the physical description and uses of the rosemary plant. Salvia rosmarinus is now considered one of many hundreds of species in the genus Salvia. It is easily grown in pots. The leaves are used to flavor various foods, such as stuffing and roast meats. The groundcover cultivars spread widely, with a dense and durable texture.[3]. After this, rosemary is found in most English herbal texts, and is widely used for medicinal and culinary purposes. The common name is widely used everywhere. It grows best in neutral to alkaline conditions (pH 7–7.8) with average fertility. Botrytis is also a potential concern. Rosemary can grow quite large and retain attractiveness for many years, can be pruned into formal shapes and low hedges, and has been used for topiary. Rosemary contains a number of phytochemicals, including rosmarinic acid, camphor, caffeic acid, ursolic acid, betulinic acid, carnosic acid, and carnosol. Scientific Name: Rosmarinus officinalis. He talked about rosemary in his most famous writing, De Materia Medica, one of the most influential herbal books in history. [6] Rosemary has a fibrous root system. In amounts typically used to flavor foods, such as one teaspoon (1 gram), rosemary provides no nutritional value. Rosemary (scientific name: rosmarinus officinalis) is an herb with needle-like leaves. Called Salvia Rosmarinus instead of Rosmarinus officinalis family ( Lamiaceae ), rosemary finally arrived the! Alkaline conditions ( pH 7–7.8 ) with average fertility botanical name or name! 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