A. Tikanga provides information for teachers and school systems. Languages and cultures play a key role in developing our personal, group, national, and human identities. Barlow, C. (1996). In the early stages of learning te reo Māori, some teachers may include information in English about the attitudes and values associated with te ao Māori. “Tikanga is the little things, but they are important – karakia before going to bed, taking shoes off before going into a whare, and ensuring manuhiri eat first.” “It creates a sense of purpose – being wahine toa, being mana wahine, nurturing, sustaining family and whānau.” Languages and cultures play a key role in developing our personal, group, national, and human identities. Te reo Māori and tikanga Māori Languages are inseparably linked to the social and cultural contexts in which they are used. Tikanga is derived from the word Tika – which can be interpreted as the truth, correctness or fairness. References. Karakia are prayers or incantations. Encourage rangatahi to do the right thing by providing them with the essential information. We would see rangatahi operating within the confines of the rules. The principles and values attached to it underpin all tikanga Māori. As stated in the introduction, tikanga stems from the dawn of time and therefore is the deciding factor that makes us unique as a people. Sign in Register; Hide. Teachers demonstrate respect and humility in all areas of their work. When working with Māori clients and their whanau Tikanga must be implemented in care design and delivery in order to achieve culturally competent practice. While these concepts of tikanga are constant, their practice can vary between iwi (tribe) and hapū (sub-tribe). Tikanga are the customs and traditions that have been handed down through the passages of time. B. Tikanga governs the court system and rule of law. It is the guidelines that help in daily life and interaction in Māori culture. Shoes sit in front of the door to the wharenui (meeting house). Therefore, it is important that schools consult with local iwi wherever possible, to acknowledge and follow local tikanga when participating in te ao kori activities. 2 The reason why we sought survey respondent in both 2011 and 2012 is that the Christchurch earthquake of 22 February 2011, which occurred just one week into the new academic year, adversely affected student participation in our study. As stated in the introduction, tikanga stems from the dawn of time and therefore is the deciding factor that makes us unique as a people. Tikanga is about logic and common sense. It is based on logic and common sense associated with a Māori world view. In tikanga Māori, things that are tapu (sacred, spiritually restricted) ... She called me out, and so she should, because upholding tikanga Māori is more important than my pride. They introduce and revise language in the context of topics associated with concepts, attitudes and values (socio-cultural aspects) of significance to Māori. The language and culture are not simple or one-dimensional; they are rich, complex and varied. There is often debate about the importance of tikanga. Tikanga refers to values and concepts in the context of Māori culture. Tikanga Māori guides teaching practices. Why is tikanga important to the Māori? Projects can be used to demonstrate correct procedures to maintain cultural safety. Tikanga is not theoretical but practical. However, tikanga is a pervasive influence, and marae are not the only places where tikanga plays an important role for Mäori. By Tiffany Joyce, Solicitor Why understanding Māori culture is significant for the judicial system in NZ. The placing into practice that which is correct. MODULE 6 TIKANGA LECTURE 28 29 INTRODUCTION TO TIKANGA MAORI What is Tikanga Māori o It can due to the continuity of the laws of the land but tikanga must be. How much do you know about Te Tiriti o Waitangi and its relevance in today's New … Wairua Spirit or spirituality. Tikanga is used as a guide to moral behaviour and within a health context indicates the way resources, guardianship, responsibilities, obligations and future generations will be protected. “When you see kids who mayn’t have always achieved in the English medium, really step up when they’re doing kapa haka …there’s a part of Te Ao Māori / the Māori world, that doesn’t fit into the mainstream and when those students step up and show real leadership qualities, it’s great.” The use of te reo and tikanga Māori supports children to connect with their identity as Māori and strengthens their sense of well-being, which is so important for learning. How is tikanga Māori practised in our homes? The concepts of Tikanga are constant but the practices do differ between iwi and hapu (sub-tribe). These themes include critical aspects of tikanga Māori (such as the existence and significance of appropriate protocols for particular situations). It’s where we all learnt respect for our elders, where we met cousins aunts and uncles we never knew, and where we would always work together happily, I have so many wonderful memories from attending a tangi. Tikanga Mori guides teaching practices. Why is it important to consider marae customs like taking your shoes off, not sitting on tables and supporting speeches with waiata? “In setting up and selecting the type of legal structure for an organisation, it is important to clearly know the intended purpose of that structure. Effective teachers of te reo Māori take cultural considerations into account throughout their programmes so that their students are always aware that te reo Māori and tikanga Māori are inseparable. Law 141 Module 6 - Tikanga Maori. Explain rules, boundaries and consequences. Key understandings about effective language learning, The structure of Curriculum Guidelines for Teaching and Learning Te Reo Māori, Levels 1–8: Curriculum Guidelines for Teaching and Learning Te Reo Māori, Possible learning and assessment activities, Setting Goals - Providing for Te Reo Māori Students. Among Māori tribes there are many traditions about ancient people and gods who inhabited Aotearoa from the beginning of time. Tikanga refers to cultural practices and traditions exercised by Māori in their daily lives. Māori are the indigenous people of New Zealand Aoteroa.Te Reo (the Māori language) is an official language of the country, along with English and New Zealand Sign Language.In the 2013 New Zealand census, nearly 700,000 people living in New Zealand were of Māori descent (more than one in seven of us).While the best way to learn about Māori culture is to experience it first hand, Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand - has some excellent reading. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Customs /Traditions - Importance of Tikanga. Manaakitanga – nurturing relationships, looking after people and being very careful about how others are treated is a key component of Māori culture. Incorporate te reo, Māori culture and tikanga in curriculum. Tikanga is commonly based on experience and learning that has been handed down through generations. This is why I've been attending weekly Māori-for-MPs sessions in the Māori Affairs Select Committee room at Parliament. They are respectful of whnau and listen to their ideas or requests. Teachers embrace Mori ways of knowing, being and doing and care for children and their whnau. Tikanga permeates throughout all aspects of life and sets the codes of conduct for all situations, from interacting with people, to preparing medicine, gathering kai (food), building marae, performing kapa haka and every other aspect of daily life. They also provide their students with opportunities to develop the confidence to operate in Māori contexts. They are considered a guideline for day-to-day life and need to be observed during interaction with the Māori culture. Mistakes don’t matter, it’s just important we support each other in trying,” she says. 41 Anecdotal evidence suggests that, even where detailed legal rules have been laid down (for example, in trust orders made by the Mäori Land Court), kin groups do not always expect the rules to be followed closely. It is important to promote bicultural development as children will pick up tikanga naturally through the activity. A recognition that the Māori view of spirituality is They are generally used to ensure a favourable outcome to important events and undertakings such as tangihanga (the ritual of farewell to our deceased), hui (meetings), unveilings etc., however they can cover every aspect of life. As they become more proficient in te reo Māori, students develop the ability to use the language to discuss aspects of Māori culture and to relate these to the cultural views embedded in other languages, including English. When visitors enter a wharenui they should remove their shoes and leave them at the door (though there are some wharenui in which shoes may be worn inside). The power of the kids of tomorrow learning te reo and tikanga now can be palpable, she says. Waitangi Day means many different things to many different New Zealanders. 6 Reasons Why Learning Te Reo Maori Benefits Kids November 26, 2018 by Tracy Morgan It would be fair to say that the subject of kids learning te reo Maori has been rather controversial over the past few years. They become increasingly aware that speakers of the same language do not necessarily share an identical set of cultural beliefs and practices. Tikanga is not theoretical but a practical, vibrant, living part of the Maori culture. It also includes their custom, ethic, manner, meaning, mechanism, method, protocol, style, etiquette, fashion, formality, lore and so on. Manaakitanga is always considered important, no matter what the circumstances. There is an inherent connection between language and culture: language is embedded in culture and also expresses culture. Attending is voluntary, but I think it's really important to be there. It needs to be written on the heart and from there it becomes an integral part of us. D. Tikanga is the history of the people and is studied by thoughtful scholars. The importance of Tikanga 02 Sep 2020. Tikanga - What Is It? The culture and practices of the people who share a language are dynamic within a changing world. Reward adherence to tikanga. Avoid touching another person’s head, unless invited. Tikanga is an issue of principles, values and spirituality and is as much a comment on process as it is on fixed attitudes or knowledge.1 Tikanga includes Māori beliefs that are inherited values and concepts practised from generation to generation. By removing or forgetting our tikanga, our customs and traditions, we leave behind our tupuna and have nothing that distinguishes us from other peoples. Māori people regard the head as very tapu (sacred). They come from tika,things are true and not … Tikanga practice guidelines can however also be applied to practice with other cultures. Every language involves visual features as well as words, and indirect messages as well as direct ones. To support teachers, these curriculum guidelines suggest possible socio-cultural themes at each of the eight curriculum levels. Teachers demonstrate respect and humility in all areas of their work. Communicating in another language means being sensitive not only to what is said but also to how it is said and to what is left unsaid. “Playcentre is a community-driven environment anyway, but these sessions have even more of a close, community aspect – there’s very much the feeling that we’ve all come here for a purpose.” Tikanga are the Maori customs and traditions that have been handed down through the passages of time from our Tupuna. Like every country, New Zealand has it’s own, unique culture, which is deeply rooted in the Māori culture and includes a lot of values and beliefs that play a role in daily kiwi life. “It’s also really important to build up people’s confidence with the language. Here are just a few of the beautiful concepts Māori live by and what they mean. Every language has its own ways of expressing meanings; each has intrinsic value and special significance for its users. Tikanga permeates throughout all aspects of life and sets the codes of conduct for all situations, from interacting with people, to preparing medicine, gathering kai (food), building marae, performing kapa haka and every other aspect of daily life. But don’t you worry, we’ll guide you through the most important ones, explore the origin of some of these customs and manners and learn a bit about the ‘Māori way of doing things’. Teachers embrace Māori ways of knowing, being and doing and care for children and their whānau. Tikanga. Curriculum Guidelines for Teaching and Learning Te Reo Māori in English-medium Schools: Years 1-13. Languages are inseparably linked to the social and cultural contexts in which they are used. For example, if Māori land is the core asset, because this land will never be sold, for either legal or tikanga reasons, the organisation will not be able to make trading decisions following usual commercial models. A concept known as Tikanga dictates the traditional rules, customs or laws for overseeing life as Māori. It needs to be written on the heart and from there it becomes an integral part of us. By learning te reo Māori, students discover that speaking a different language involves much more than simply conveying the same message in different words. Following the tikanga implies that the activity is being undertaken in a way that is culturally appropriate. C. Tikanga sets the code of conduct for all situations. Tikanga Issues of principle/integrity of intent. They are respectful of whānau and listen to their ideas or requests. Others may prefer to embed this learning within the daily practices and routines of the classroom community, while others may combine these approaches. Students learn that there are linguistic and cultural differences between groups (iwi and hapū) in different regions of New Zealand, for example, differences in kawa – local protocols or tikanga, as well as some very important similarities. This is demonstrated at … Tikanga whakaaro: Key concepts in Māori culture. Skills that are important in the Maori world give more mana. Tangihanga is so important to us as Maori, its a part of our culture whether we like it or not. Tikanga are traditional Māori customary practices, behaviours and values. Demonstration is an effective strategy for children (MacNaughton & Williams, 2009) and it is valid for the bicultural processes involved in a project. 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