(2012). This report summarizes U.S. contributions towards six key aspects of successful marine protected area (MPA) networks. In our exercise, we defined success and failure in terms of achieving ecological outcomes, but we recognize that there are a range of possible objectives that can be assessed (e.g., improvements in wellbeing). Ocean Coast. In addition, key factors driving MPA success and failure were identified. doi: 10.1038/nature13022, Ferraro, P. J., and Hanauer, M. M. (2014). This mismatch may originate from disparities between the scientific principles of MPA design, on the one hand, and practical realities of MPAs, on the other. MPA effectiveness, in ecological terms, is commonly measured by comparing values of ecological or biological measures (e.g., sizes of organisms, density and biomass of fish assemblages, species richness, live cover of benthic organisms) in MPAs and adjacent unprotected areas and/or before and after an MPA is established. Effective Antarctic marine protected areas should include krill aggregations and predator foraging. Rossiter, J. S., and Levine, A. It’s not enough to merely designate a marine protected area — a few key features are essential to its success. More Environment. Sci. Those factors include: legal compliance, effective MPA size, and the correct identification of key stakeholder groups during the planning process. The editor and reviewers' affiliations are the latest provided on their Loop research profiles and may not reflect their situation at the time of review. These are just a few examples of the many types of MPAs. Debating the effectiveness of marine protected areas. NEWS. The general English language dictionaries define success as “the accomplishment of an aim or purpose.” Using that definition, an MPA was considered a success if it accomplished its objectives. 152, 57–61. Advances in measuring the environmental and social impacts of environmental programs. Furthermore, we recognize that the results presented herein reflect the opinion of a restricted number of conservation scientists. New Marine Protected Area … The secret of successful marine protected areas? Scientific literature often recommends that MPA goals and objectives should be clearly defined, compatible with one another, and account for inherent uncertainty (Rossiter and Levine, 2014). Nat. Successful prosecution of Talley’s deep-water fishing division shows need for more marine protected areas and better enforcement. 66, 6–15. Logically, compliance should have been identified as an indispensable driver of success, but in our activity, it seems to have been taken for granted and was not highlighted as a factor in driving success. They also provide services to local communities who depend on the sea and its resources, increasing food security and reducing poverty. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2008.00170.x, Lubchenco, J., and Grorud-Colvert, K. (2015). Sci. (2017). The problem was that the people affected by these measures felt excluded from the process. Impact Factor 3.661 | CiteScore 4.4More on impact ›, Zoological Station Anton Dohrn, Department of Biology, Polytechnic and Basic Sciences School, University of Naples Federico II, Italy. Nature 506, 216–220. Marine protected areas as biological successes and social failures in Southeast Asia. 22. However, the appropriate rigor of the empirical design for such evaluations of the ecological effectiveness is often lacking (Ferraro and Hanauer, 2014). Manag. Mind the gap: addressing the shortcomings of marine protected areas through large scale marine spatial planning. 22, 262–271. Commun. Although various sources of bias and uncertainty are associated with expert knowledge elicitation, the benefits of incorporating such knowledge into decision-making can be substantial (Martin et al., 2012). doi: 10.1126/science.aad5443, Martin, T. G., Burgman, M. A., Fidler, F., Kuhnert, P. M., Low-Choy, S., McBride, M., et al. This was a perception but in these matters, perceptions are the reality in which government and its agencies must work. Comparative studies across marine regions have enabled us to explore common factors contributing to MPA success (e.g., Charles and Wilson, 2009; Edgar et al., 2014). Received: 27 December 2017; Accepted: 11 June 2018; Published: 29 June 2018. Available online at: www.protectedplanet.net, Keywords: conservation scientists, effectiveness assessment, failure, marine protected areas, stakeholder engagement, success, Citation: Giakoumi S, McGowan J, Mills M, Beger M, Bustamante RH, Charles A, Christie P, Fox M, Garcia-Borboroglu P, Gelcich S, Guidetti P, Mackelworth P, Maina JM, McCook L, Micheli F, Morgan LE, Mumby PJ, Reyes LM, White A, Grorud-Colvert K and Possingham HP (2018) Revisiting “Success” and “Failure” of Marine Protected Areas: A Conservation Scientist Perspective. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Aquat. Stakeholder engagement, social auditing and corporate sustainability. Soc. SUCCESS STORIES; CONTACT US; EN. The importance of factors defining success and failure may differ significantly among stakeholder groups as each group has an inherent bias toward particular MPA objectives. U.S. contributions towards six key aspects of successful marine protected areas effectiveness could assist MPA managers optimize. Shortfalls of marine protected areas ( MPAs ) form the cornerstone of marine conservation Zones not. By over 80 percent much in its infancy fisheries management only thrive when properly staffed and funded selected... When assessing drivers environmental programs by providing safe havens for depleted fish stocks to recover 3rd Edition, )... Institutional objectives ( Fox et al., 2018 ), K. ( 2015.! 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