Supported scaffold poles, legs, posts, frames, and uprights shall be plumb and braced to prevent swaying and displacement. The inboard ends of suspension scaffold outrigger beams shall be stabilized by bolts or other direct connections to the floor or roof deck, or they shall have their inboard ends stabilized by counterweights, except masons' multi-point adjustable suspension scaffold outrigger beams shall not be stabilized by counterweights. Platforms may be coated periodically with wood preservatives, fire-retardant finishes, and slip-resistant finishes; however, the coating may not obscure the top or bottom wood surfaces. OSHA standards may require that employers adopt certain practices, means, methods or processes reasonably necessary to protect workers on the job. Except as provided in paragraphs (a)(2), (a)(3), (a)(4), (a)(5) and (g) of this section, each scaffold and scaffold component shall be capable of supporting, without failure, its own weight and at least 4 times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to it. In order to prevent a wrench from falling off the platform and smacking a coworker on the head, 3-1/2" tall toeboards are required on all open sides of the platform (excluding openings). hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(327944, 'a5560992-46dd-44d3-8765-4465d1a5b783', {}); For more information on employer deadlines, new terminology, and at-a-glance guidelines for mobile work platform compliance, download the checklist below. Unstable objects shall not be used to support scaffolds or platform units. Stairrail systems and handrails shall be surfaced to prevent injury to employees from punctures or lacerations, and to prevent snagging of clothing. Guys, ties, and braces shall be installed according to the scaffold manufacturer's recommendations or at the closest horizontal member to the 4:1 height and be repeated vertically at locations of horizontal members every 20 feet (6.1 m) or less thereafter for scaffolds 3 feet (0.91 m) wide or less, and every 26 feet (7.9 m) or less thereafter for scaffolds greater than 3 feet (0.91 m) wide. Each suspension rope, including connecting hardware, used on non-adjustable suspension scaffolds shall be capable of supporting, without failure, at least 6 times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to that rope. Front-end loaders and similar pieces of equipment shall not be used to support scaffold platforms unless they have been specifically designed by the manufacturer for such use. Each scaffold stairway shall be at least 18 inches (45.7 cm) wide between stairrails. Such guys, ties and braces shall be installed at each end of the scaffold and at horizontal intervals not to exceed 30 feet (9.1 m) (measured from one end [not both] towards the other). Hook-on and attachable ladders shall be specifically designed for use with the type of scaffold used; Hook-on and attachable ladders shall have a minimum rung length of 11 1/2 inches (29 cm); and. Ropes shall be replaced if any of the following conditions exist: Any physical damage which impairs the function and strength of the rope. Employees shall be prohibited from working on scaffolds covered with snow, ice, or other slippery material except as necessary for removal of such materials. The top edge height of toprails or equivalent member on supported scaffolds manufactured or placed in service after January 1, 2000 shall be installed between 38 inches (0.97 m) and 45 inches (1.2 m) above the platform surface. If you need to access something at a great height but have limited space, consider requesting a stand with extended caster beams that can slide underneath your equipment and maintain this 4:1 ratio. The end points at each upright shall be no more than 48 inches (1.3 m) apart. Wire suspension ropes shall not be joined together except through the use of eye splice thimbles connected with shackles or coverplates and bolts. One important distinction of OSHA 1910 Subpart D is that a guardrail is what is on top of the platform, whereas a handrail is what is along the staircase. The new ANSI A92 standards include changes to the equipment itself: Platform Load Sense (or Overload System or Load Sense System) - All MEWPs will be required to continuously check the weight in the platform and disable certain functions if the load is above the platform load limit. Devices whose sole function is to provide emergency escape and rescue shall not be used as working platforms. In that case, it is still critical to ensure railing covers any gaps. ASME offers the public and private sectors a comprehensive portfolio of codes and standards offerings, which govern elevators and escalators. Your willingness to work through this design process with us has been invaluable. 5. When erecting or dismantling tubular welded frame scaffolds, (end) frames, with horizontal members that are parallel, level and are not more than 22 inches apart vertically may be used as climbing devices for access, provided they are erected in a manner that creates a usable ladder and provides good hand hold and foot space. This does not always account for tipping from external forces nor systems outside the ratio. OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.29(b)(1), 29 CFR 1910.23(c), 20 CFR 1910.23(e)(1) Examples of Stationary Platforms How did the US Military Use a Safety Platform. Steel or plastic banding shall not be used as a toprail or midrail. The load includes workers, equipment, building materials and tools. Stairways, which are not used as an exit or emergency, according to §1910.24(d), may have a minimum stair width of 22 inches. United States mobile elevation work platform (MEWP/AWP) industry standards Tiebacks shall be equivalent in strength to the hoisting rope. Specifically, the following sections are the most relevant to railing and guardrail for fall protection. When other types of hoists are used, the suspension ropes shall be long enough to allow the scaffold to be lowered to the level below without the rope end passing through the hoist, or the rope end shall be configured or provided with means to prevent the end from passing through the hoist. Since you’re providing safety access equipment for your employees, go beyond a quick buy online and make sure the equipment you choose meets OSHA standards. Platforms shall not deflect more than 1/60 of the span when loaded. above the scaffold supporting level. Suspension scaffold support devices such as cornice hooks, roof hooks, roof irons, parapet clamps, or similar devices shall be: Made of steel, wrought iron, or materials of equivalent strength; Secured against movement by tiebacks installed at right angles to the face of the building or structure, or opposing angle tiebacks shall be installed and secured to a structurally sound point of anchorage on the building or structure. High praise [also] from colleagues in Omaha. This determination shall be based on site conditions and the type of scaffold being erected or dismantled. Has the platform been tested to 4x its rated capacity? When screens and mesh are used, they shall extend from the top edge of the guardrail system to the scaffold platform, and along the entire opening between the supports. Stairways shall be installed between 40 degrees and 60 degrees from the horizontal. It also established requirements for the performance, inspection, use. This may be the quintessential OSHA requirement for work platforms. Except as provided in paragraphs (b)(3)(i) and (ii) of this section, the front edge of all platforms shall not be more than 14 inches (36 cm) from the face of the work, unless guardrail systems are erected along the front edge and/or personal fall arrest systems are used in accordance with paragraph (g) of this section to protect employees from falling. When discussing safety standards for mezzanines or raised platforms in a warehouse environment, the main issue is minimizing the risk of falls, which is the most common cause of serious work-related injuries and deaths. Any part of a scaffold damaged or weakened such that its strength is less than that required by paragraph (a) of this section shall be immediately repaired or replaced, braced to meet those provisions, or removed from service until repaired. OSHA 1910.29 (b) (1): The top edge height of top rails, or … 1926.1053(b)(2) – Ladders shall be maintained free of oil, grease, and other slipping hazards. [44 FR 8577, Feb. 9, 1979; 44 FR 20940, Apr. In instances where the platform is up against another vertical surface (such as the tool being accessed), and the tool fully protects the opening, guardrails are not required on that side. This accounts for a 15% of WLL side load applied at the highest point of the platform with WLL present in worst working position of the platform and tests all cantilevers to a safety factor of 1.5 WLL. Access requirements for employees erecting or dismantling supported scaffolds are specifically addressed in paragraph (e)(9) of this section. "Landing platforms." Each toprail or equivalent member of a guardrail system shall be capable of withstanding, without failure, a force applied in any downward or horizontal direction at any point along its top edge of at least 100 pounds (445 n) for guardrail systems installed on single-point adjustable suspension scaffolds or two-point adjustable suspension scaffolds, and at least 200 pounds (890 n) for guardrail systems installed on all other scaffolds. Counterweights shall be made of non-flowable material. When conditions warrant, the height of the top edge may exceed the 45-inch height, provided the guardrail system meets all other criteria of paragraph (g)(4). Safety Requirements for Work Platforms Suspended from Cranes or Derricks. The stall load of any scaffold hoist shall not exceed 3 times its rated load. OSHA requirements for work platforms have always been incredibly complex. The Spika-developed Variable-Pitch Staircase maintains a consistent step interval at any height, no matter if you have 2 feet or 12 feet of vertical travel. Para. Vertical lifelines, independent support lines, and suspension ropes shall not be attached to each other, nor shall they be attached to or use the same point of anchorage, nor shall they be attached to the same point on the scaffold or personal fall arrest system. The load end of wire suspension ropes shall be equipped with proper size thimbles and secured by eyesplicing or equivalent means. Download the OSHA cheatsheet. The top guy, tie or brace of completed scaffolds shall be placed no further than the 4:1 height from the top. Your stands are superior to everything I’ve ever worked with since day one! Each end of a platform, unless cleated or otherwise restrained by hooks or equivalent means, shall extend over the centerline of its support at least 6 inches (15 cm). Guardrails shall be surfaced to prevent injury to an employee from punctures or lacerations, and to prevent snagging of clothing. Steps and rungs of ladder and stairway type access shall line up vertically with each other between rest platforms. While staircases that are connected to a larger platform do not require a safety gate, one may be added to your system if desired. Guardrails meeting the requirements of paragraph (g)(4) of this section shall be provided on the open sides and ends of each landing. Most-Recent Revision Only (3,518) Not False (0) Publisher. Six randomly distributed broken wires in one rope lay or three broken wires in one strand in one rope lay. Spika errs on the side of adhering to these standards with our designs. OSHA clearance requirements regulate the amount of empty space that must be left around ladders in workplaces. When horizontal lifelines are used, they shall be secured to two or more structural members of the scaffold, or they may be looped around both suspension and independent suspension lines (on scaffolds so equipped) above the hoist and brake attached to the end of the scaffold. Suspension scaffold power-operated hoists and manual hoists shall be tested by a qualified testing laboratory. When lanyards are connected to horizontal lifelines or structural members on a single-point or two-point adjustable suspension scaffold, the scaffold shall be equipped with additional independent support lines and automatic locking devices capable of stopping the fall of the scaffold in the event one or both of the suspension ropes fail. Note to paragraph (b)(2)(i): Pursuant to an administrative stay effective November 29, 1996 and published in the Federal Register on November 25, 1996, the requirement in paragraph (b)(2)(i) that roof bracket scaffolds be at least 12 inches wide is stayed until November 25, 1997 or until rulemaking reguarding the minimum width of roof bracket scaffolds has been completed, whichever is later. Only those items specifically designed as counterweights shall be used to counterweight scaffold systems. Period. The Society develops and maintains eight major codes addressing safety in design, construction, installation, operation, inspection, testing, maintenance, alteration, and repair of elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, moving walks, material lifts, and dumbwaiters with automatic transfer devices, wheelchair lifts, or inclined-stairway chair lifts. Employers should provide cold stress training to workers. Aerial Platform Safety. When the loads specified in paragraph (g)(4)(vii) of this section are applied in a downward direction, the top edge shall not drop below the height above the platform surface that is prescribed in paragraph (g)(4)(ii) of this section. Be positioned such that their bottom step is not more than 24 inches (61 cm) above the scaffold supporting level; Be provided with rest platforms at 12 foot (3.7 m) maximum vertical intervals; Have a minimum step width of 16 inches (41 cm), except that mobile scaffold stairway-type ladders shall have a minimum step width of 11 1/2 inches (30 cm); and. Footings shall be level, sound, rigid, and capable of supporting the loaded scaffold without settling or displacement. clear. Debris shall not be allowed to accumulate on platforms. Here’s a summary of some of the most important requirements for forklift work platforms and forklift man baskets. Keep it up!! Now is a great time to review safety and health programs with workers. Don't forget: when you're performing manufacturing or maintenance tasks, there is a good chance you will be setting tools, parts, and hardware on the floor beside you. Tiebacks shall be equivalent in strength to the suspension ropes. Direct connections to roofs and floors, and counterweights used to balance adjustable suspension scaffolds, shall be capable of resisting at least 4 times the tipping moment imposed by the scaffold operating at the rated load of the hoist, or 1.5 (minimum) times the tipping moment imposed by the scaffold operating at the stall load of the hoist, whichever is greater. Independent support lines and suspension ropes shall not be attached to the same points of anchorage. Each suspension rope, including connecting hardware, used on adjustable suspension scaffolds shall be capable of supporting, without failure, at least 6 times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to that rope with the scaffold operating at either the rated load of the hoist, or 2 (minimum) times the stall load of the hoist, whichever is greater. This is most commonly encountered at the top of ladders. 2. I really appreciate your continued efforts to ensure we have everything we need. Aerial Work Platforms have been renamed and are now called Mobile Elevating Work Platforms or MEWPs. Such activities shall be performed only by experienced and trained employees selected for such work by the competent person. 6, 1979, as amended at 58 FR 35182 and 35310, June 30, 1993; 61 FR 46025, Aug. 30 1996; 61 FR 59831, Nov. 25, 1996], Occupational Safety & Health Administration, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Severe Storm and Flood Recovery Assistance. Effective September 2, 1997, access for employees erecting or dismantling supported scaffolds shall be in accordance with the following: The employer shall provide safe means of access for each employee erecting or dismantling a scaffold where the provision of safe access is feasible and does not create a greater hazard. Stairrails shall be not less than 28 inches (71 cm) nor more than 37 inches (94 cm) from the upper surface of the stairrail to the surface of the tread, in line with the face of the riser at the forward edge of the tread. Non-mandatory Appendix A to this subpart contains examples of criteria that will enable an employer to comply with paragraph (a) of this section. The following OSHA ladder inspection requirements are specified in their safety standards. Paragraph (g)(2) of this section addresses fall protection for scaffold erectors and dismantlers. An active welding rod or uninsulated welding lead shall not be allowed to contact the scaffold or its suspension system. The independent support lines shall be equal in number and strength to the suspension ropes. This provision does not preclude the use of common support members, such as "T" sections, to support abutting planks, or hook on platforms designed to rest on common supports. Our interactive online courses include OSHA 10-Hour Outreach, OSHA 30-Hour Outreach, and HAZWOPER 40-Hour, HAZWOPER 24-Hour and HAZWOPER 8-Hour Refresher. Portable, hook-on, and attachable ladders (Additional requirements for the proper construction and use of portable ladders are contained in subpart X of this part -- Stairways and Ladders): Portable, hook-on, and attachable ladders shall be positioned so as not to tip the scaffold; Hook-on and attachable ladders shall be positioned so that their bottom rung is not more than 24 inches (61 cm) above the scaffold supporting level; When hook-on and attachable ladders are used on a supported scaffold more than 35 feet (10.7 m) high, they shall have rest platforms at 35-foot (10.7 m) maximum vertical intervals. The employer shall have a competent person determine whether it is feasible or would pose a greater hazard to provide, and have employees use a safe means of access. Here is a list of five current OSHA standards for work platforms that you may not be aware of. Ties, guys, braces, or outriggers shall be used to prevent the tipping of supported scaffolds in all circumstances where an eccentric load, such as a cantilevered work platform, is applied or is transmitted to the scaffold. Each platform on all working levels of scaffolds shall be fully planked or decked between the front uprights and the guardrail supports as follows: Each platform unit (e.g., scaffold plank, fabricated plank, fabricated deck, or fabricated platform) shall be installed so that the space between adjacent units and the space between the platform and the uprights is no more than 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide, except where the employer can demonstrate that a wider space is necessary (for example, to fit around uprights when side brackets are used to extend the width of the platform). Scaffold components manufactured by different manufacturers shall not be modified in order to intermix them unless a competent person determines the resulting scaffold is structurally sound. ANSI/ASSP A10.31-2019 Safety Requirements, Definitions and Specifications for Digger Derrick. 5. ANSI/ASSP A10.33-2020 At least three and one-half inches (9 cm) high from the top edge of the toeboard to the level of the walking/working surface. OSHA 1910.29(b)(13): When guardrail systems are used around holes that serve as points of access (such as ladder ways), the guardrail system opening (b)(13)(i) has a self-closing gate that slides or swings away from the hole, and is equipped with a top rail and mid-rail or equivalent intermediate member, or (b)(13)(ii) is offset to prevent an employee from walking or falling into the hole.Self-closing safety gates are critical for OSHA compliance; you have to ensure that your technicians cannot back through a hole in the guardrail or push the safety gate open without intending to. Exceed Industry Standards Safety platforms have been third-party tested to prove compliance with your local and national codes. In addition to meeting the requirements of 1926.502(d), personal fall arrest systems used on scaffolds shall be attached by lanyard to a vertical lifeline, horizontal lifeline, or scaffold structural member. Exception to paragraph (b)(1): The requirement in paragraph (b)(1) to provide full planking or decking does not apply to platforms used solely as walkways or solely by employees performing scaffold erection or dismantling. All suspension scaffold support devices, such as outrigger beams, cornice hooks, parapet clamps, and similar devices, shall rest on surfaces capable of supporting at least 4 times the load imposed on them by the scaffold operating at the rated load of the hoist (or at least 1.5 times the load imposed on them by the scaffold at the stall capacity of the hoist, whichever is greater). Some companies even offer inboard outriggers which can lift up and over obstacles on your equipment, such as helicopter skids. Mark any rooftop hazards hidden by the snow. OSHA issues fines and replacement requirements for violations of its regulations for fall protection that apply to mezzanines. Scaffolds shall not be moved horizontally while employees are on them, unless they have been designed by a registered professional engineer specifically for such movement or, for mobile scaffolds, where the provisions of 1926.452(w) are followed. Swaged attachments or spliced eyes on wire suspension ropes shall not be used unless they are made by the wire rope manufacturer or a qualified person. The guardrails must be on every open side of the platform. When midrails, screens, mesh, intermediate vertical members, solid panels, or equivalent structural members are used, they shall be installed between the top edge of the guardrail system and the scaffold platform. At all points of a scaffold where the platform changes direction, such as turning a corner, any platform that rests on a bearer at an angle other than a right angle shall be laid first, and platforms which rest at right angles over the same bearer shall be laid second, on top of the first platform. The size of this conductor shall be at least the size of the welding process work lead, and this conductor shall not be in series with the welding process or the work piece; If the scaffold grounding lead is disconnected at any time, the welding machine shall be shut off; and. When winding drum hoists are used on a suspension scaffold, they shall contain not less than four wraps of the suspension rope at the lowest point of scaffold travel. While OSHA does not technically cover staircases that articulate (per 1910.25(a), articulate is defined as stairs that change pitch due to change in height at point of attachment). Note to paragraph (g)(1): The fall protection requirements for employees installing suspension scaffold support systems on floors, roofs, and other elevated surfaces are set forth in subpart M of this part. Ladders without cages or in wells should have at least 15 inches clear in each direction from the center of the ladder. Where swinging loads are being hoisted onto or near scaffolds such that the loads might contact the scaffold, tag lines or equivalent measures to control the loads shall be used. You guys were fantastic to work with. Scaffolds and scaffold components shall not be loaded in excess of their maximum intended loads or rated capacities, whichever is less. MEWPs will now be classified into “groups” and sub-divided into three “types.” Group classification is determined by whether the lift stays within the tipping lin… 254 Cottonwood Creek Road When vertical lifelines are used, they shall be fastened to a fixed safe point of anchorage, shall be independent of the scaffold, and shall be protected from sharp edges and abrasion. . 1. When canopies are used on suspension scaffolds for falling object protection, the scaffold shall be equipped with additional independent support lines equal in number to the number of points supported, and equivalent in strength to the strength of the suspension ropes. Guardrail systems installed to meet the requirements of this section shall comply with the following provisions (guardrail systems built in accordance with Appendix A to this subpart will be deemed to meet the requirements of paragraphs (g)(4)(vii), (viii), and (ix) of this section): Guardrail systems shall be installed along all open sides and ends of platforms. OSHA standards for bloodborne pathogens and personal protective equipment require employers to protect workers from occupational exposure to infectious agents, like COVID-19 and other SARS viruses. Suspension ropes supporting adjustable suspension scaffolds shall be of a diameter large enough to provide sufficient surface area for the functioning of brake and hoist mechanisms. Here is a list of five current OSHA standards for work platforms that you may not be aware of. Sound anchorages include structural members, but do not include standpipes, vents, other piping systems, or electrical conduit. Ropes shall be inspected for defects by a competent person prior to each workshift and after every occurrence which could affect a rope's integrity. It is the responsibility of employers to become familiar with standards applicable to their establishments, to eliminate hazardous conditions to the extent possible, and to comply with the standards. Counterweights shall not be removed from an outrigger beam until the scaffold is disassembled. Each end of a platform 10 feet or less in length shall not extend over its support more than 12 inches (30 cm) unless the platform is designed and installed so that the cantilevered portion of the platform is able to support employees and/or materials without tipping, or has guardrails which block employee access to the cantilevered end. Tread depth shall be uniform, within 1/4 inch, for each flight of stairs. The ladder legs shall be secured to prevent them from slipping or being pushed off the platform. Gears and brakes of power-operated hoists used on suspension scaffolds shall be enclosed. Tiebacks shall be secured to a structurally sound anchorage on the building or structure. 1910.25(b)(3): Stairs have uniform riser heights and tread depths between landings1910.25(c)(2): Have a maximum riser height of 9.5 inches (24 cm)1910.25(c)(3): Have a minimum tread depth of 9.5 inches (24 cm)1910.25(c)(4): Have a minimum width of 22 inches (56 cm) between vertical barriers. High-traction tread provides slip-resistant traction while accessing the platform. Each employee on a boatswains' chair, catenary scaffold, float scaffold, needle beam scaffold, or ladder jack scaffold shall be protected by a personal fall arrest system; Each employee on a single-point or two-point adjustable suspension scaffold shall be protected by both a personal fall arrest system and guardrail system; Each employee on a crawling board (chicken ladder) shall be protected by a personal fall arrest system, a guardrail system (with minimum 200 pound toprail capacity), or by a three-fourth inch (1.9 cm) diameter grabline or equivalent handhold securely fastened beside each crawling board; Each employee on a self-contained adjustable scaffold shall be protected by a guardrail system (with minimum 200 pound toprail capacity) when the platform is supported by the frame structure, and by both a personal fall arrest system and a guardrail system (with minimum 200 pound toprail capacity) when the platform is supported by ropes; Each employee on a walkway located within a scaffold shall be protected by a guardrail system (with minimum 200 pound toprail capacity) installed within 9 1/2 inches (24.1 cm) of and along at least one side of the walkway. 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