Deer Antler Point Diagrams Washington Hunting Antler Points: To qualify as a point, an antler point must be at least one-inch long, measured on the longest side. What are antler point restrictions? Measure non-typical points in the same manner. This had broken the previous record from back in 2003 with a score of 307 ⅝ inches. Most bucks will have 8 to 10 antler points when they reach maturity, but there are often deer that have non-typical antler development which results in more. From shop TexasAntlerMan. At 1½ years, bucks are all legs. If yours is close, be sure to contact your state's game department. Her articles have appeared in Entrepreneur and Your Home magazines. All other circumference measurements are taken at the smallest point between the succeeding G points. But not all barbs are points, you should know that because they can bring lots of confusion. The back of the deer will also slope at a sharp downward grade from the rump to the shoulder. The main beam is the main branch of the antler, and the tip of the main beam is counted as one of the points. Girl on the left holds a moose antler to her head, while girl on the right holds … Any point that does not arise from the top of the main beam is considered an abnormal point. webmaster@dnr.sc.gov. Note: the tip of the beam is not measured as a point because its measurement is included in the length of the beam. The other points are numbered consecutively. Drue Tibbits is a writer based in Central Florida, where she attended Florida Southern College. Antlers are not horns. Antler Abnormalities While most bucks develop normal antlers, on occasion a hunter will run across a buck with antlers that a deer biologist might refer to as developmental abnormalities. If a point is unmatched between two normal points, it is considered abnormal and the length is recorded in the abnormal point section. While you might know some of the terms like points or tines, chances are you haven't heard of all of them. Their antlers can show age-related abnormalities such as abnormal points or wavy or curvy tines, and they have an overall “weathered” appearance. In 2002, the Pennsylvania Game Commission changed the antler restriction to harvest an antlered deer. Waste or Abuse to SC Inspector General, 1/4-inch wide steel measuring tape with 1/8th inch graduations, small-diameter, flexible steel cable (such as a bicycle brake cable). They generally have loose skin on their face, neck and shoulders – usually visible as a “chin flap” – and they may have pointed shoulder and hip bones. Add up all of the qualifying points for a total count. Fax: 803-734-6020. You may only use your antlerless tags (Bow/Muzzleloading or DMPs) for female deer or bucks with antlers less than 3 inches. Antlers are shed and regrown each year and function primarily as objects of sexual attraction and as weapons in fights between males for control of harems. Step 2. Before starting to score the antlers, match the normal points from one side with those on the other side. Your antlers can’t receive an official Boone and Crockett score in this condition. Not all protrusions qualify as points, and there is a recognized system for determining what constitutes an antler point. “The Deer of North America;” Leonard Lee Rue III; 2004. In contrast, horns, found on pronghorns and bovids such as sheep, goat There is really no precise way to accurately do deer aging while hunting, other than looking at the teeth. The most common error relating to measuring inside spread is not being perpendicular to the skull at the widest point. The most common type of antler restriction is a point restriction. To get the gross score, add the inside spread, beam lengths, all the G-point lengths, and all H-circumference measurements. Note: Click on illustration to enlarge image. Not all racks have a symmetrical pattern of points. © 2020 All rights reserved. Measure non-typical points in the same manner. If it measures at least 1 inch in length from the main beam, it is counted as a point. Illustration of Deer Scoring. Adobe® Reader® is required to open these files and is available as a free download from the Adobe® Web site. FOIA | Privacy Policy | Report Bucks with their first set of antlers are the easiest to age. Count the end tip of each main beam as a point. The antlers on this buck branched out into dozens of points depicting an animal that had lived a long and healthy life. Columbia, SC 29202-0167 Make the first measurement roughly halfway between the burr and first point (G-1), or at the thinnest location in this section. For example, in Montana we refer to a deer with four points on each side of its antlers as a four point. Mule deer racks are counted differently. Phone: 803-734-3886 Generally, a buck’s ears from base to tip will be 7-8 inches. B&C denotes the main points on antlers as G1, G2, G3, etc., with G1 being the brow tines or eye-guards. « Deer Special Permits. This is accomplished by placing the steel cable or 1/4 inch tape along the top of the main beam or along the parent point across the base of the point being measured. A Red deer with 12 points (six per antler) to his antler is called a “Royal stag”, while 14 points make an “Imperial stag” and an animal with 16 points or more is referred to as a “Monarch”. If there is no G1, take the circumference at the smallest point between the burr and G2 and use this measurement as H1 and H2. Note: all measurements are made to the nearest 1/8th inch. Great for Arts & Crafts. On average, males increase their antler size until 6-1/2 years of age, when antler growth is maximized (Figure 10). ANTLER MAN Brand Premium Deer Antler Points - Sold by the Pound There are approx. From the starting point, lay the cable along the outside of the antler, following the center of the beam out to the tip and measure the cable length with the yard stick or steel tape. The Boone and Crockett scoring sheet will have enough room for seven points on each antler side. A third factor that affects deer antler growth and development is nutrition. Deer farms and preserves will selectively breed deer based on the size of their antlers (known as culling). The rules for scoring non-typical racks are lengthy and complicated and usually require the knowledge of a trained B&C measurer to score them correctly. SCDNR’s Antler Records Program utilizes the B&C system. Abnormal points are also deductions. Palm – Usually used to discuss moose, this refers to the end of the antler that spreads out, resembling a human hand. These are referred to as "non-typical" antler formations. Measure the tines by marking a horizontal line where the main beam would be on the antler point and measuring from that line to the tip of the tine. Figure 10. Count the end tip of each main beam as a point. G1 refers to the first point on an antler. Despite the many stories hunters tell each other, the size of the antlers and the number of points on the antlers is not a reliable age guide. How to Count the Points on Deer Antlers Step 1. to see the type of deer you may harvest in each season based on your license. How to Count the Points on Deer Antlers. Ensure the skull plate is intact and it has not been artificially replaced or repaired. It included antler beam diameters measured near the base for more than 5,000 bucks collected from 2007 through 2016 by NHFGD biologists at check stations. For scoring purposes, not all protrusions are measured as points. The inside spread credit may equal but not exceed the longest main beam length. To qualify as a point, the projection must be at least one inch long with the total length exceeding the width of the point at one inch or more of length. For example, if the inside spread is 20 inches, and the longer of the two main beams is 18 inches, then 18 inches is used as the inside spread credit. Use a pencil to mark the base where the cable or tape crosses the bottom of the point as if you were going to “cut-off” the point from the beam. Antler Point Restriction Key * A legal point must be at least 1 inch long as measured from its tip to the nearest edge of the antler beam. ... Add all these numbers together to get your deer antler's score. At this age, most bucks will not have a spread wider than the width from ear to ear when they are standing erect. Finally, subtract the total deduction number from the gross score to get the final, or net, score. 5 out of 5 stars (152) 152 reviews $ 27.55 FREE shipping Favorite Add to 10-Pounds-Deer-Antler-Scraps-Pieces-Chunks-Grades-A-B-and-C BigBuckOrganics. The two most common errors in determining point length is measuring the length from the center or bottom of the main beam and measuring protrusions that do not meet the criteria to be a point. Antler restrictions are harvest restrictions that limit buck harvest to animals that meet specific antler criteria. Normal points arise from the top of the main beam and are usually symmetrically paired with similar-length points on the other antler. Fork – End of the antler that forks out into two tines. References. She has also been profiled in the Florida Today newspaper and the Writer's Digest magazine. Abnormal points include drop tines and points arising off other points or the burr line. Occasionally you may receive pieces longer than 3 inches. Measure each protrusion from the area where it leaves the main beam to its tip. They are generally found only on males, with the exception of the reindeer/caribou. Antlers are a single structure composed of bone, cartilage, fibrous tissue, skin, nerves, and blood vessels. B&C denotes the main points on antlers as G1, G2, G3, etc., with G1 being the brow tines or eye-guards. “The number of points is the antler characteristic least correlated with age. Before the rack can be officially scored, it must have air-dried for at least 60 days, cannot have a broken skull plate, and cannot have artificially replaced or repaired points. These are A & B Grade Antler - The highest quality on the market. All in all, there were 47 points giving a deer score of 312 ⅜I niches. Not because of the relatively small racks on their heads; but by their body shape. The most common error relative to normal points is inappropriately matching points from one side to the other. Crown – The top tine on the deer’s antlers. These pieces generally range from 1/2 inch to 3 inches long. Do the same for each H measurement. From 2002 to 2010, the antler point restrictions (APR) were 3 or 4 points-to-an-antler … These have to grow to a particular length for them to be antler points. For example, a rack may have four points on one antler and six on the other. The antlers become wider, the beams become longer, and numerous protrusions--“points”--will develop. The H1 circumference is the smallest measurement between the burr and the origin of the first point (G1). A mandatory antler point restriction (AR) is in place in WMUs 3A, 3C, 3H, 3J, 3K, 4G, 4O, 4P, 4R, 4S and 4W in Southeastern New York to reduce harvest of yearling (1.5 years old) bucks. Info on Determining the Size of Antlers. Eye Circumference – The circumference of a buck’s eye is a good reference point in roughly calculating your four antler circumference measurements. [2] X Research source Deer Antler Points Used for making Jewelry, Arts, Crafts - Sold By The Pound TexasAntlerMan. Antler size is more a function of diet and heredity than it is of age. For the purposes of this report, the term "spikes" includes all deer with at least one unbranched antler. Four circumference measurements (denoted as H1, H2, H3, and H4) must be recorded for each beam. A normal 8-point buck would have a G1, G2, and G3. For this reference point, a buck’s eye is around 4 inches in circumference. The record for a typical whitetail deer is 170. Waste or Abuse to SC Inspector General | Measure points that develop off of other points by starting the measurement where the base of the point meets the other point, rather than from the base of the main beam. Antlers in velvet are not eligible for entry into SCDNR’s Antler Records Program. More sportsmen are becoming interested in the "score" of their buck's antlers. At this stage the antlers are covered by … Before starting to score the antlers, match the normal points from one side with those on the other side. The most common error incurred is using a steel tape that does not flex when bending around the curve of the beam. Step 3. Of course, genetics isn't an entirely accurate way to predict the size of a deer's antlers, but it does play a critical role. The last antler point before the main beam tip is the last G measurement you will record. Developmental abnormalities range from antlers that never leave the velvet stage all the way to antlers that are found on a doe's head instead of on a buck's. Most sportsmen envision the "typical" set of deer antlers to be symmetrical with 6, 8, or 10 points arising in a normal manner from the antler beam. Antlerless Deer + At least one antler 3 inches or longer 121 4 + 4 or more points* on one side 3 + 3 or more points* on one side A buck has only reached approximately 25 to 30 percent of its total score potential at 1 ½, 55 to 60 percent at 2 ½, 75 to 80 percent at 3 ½, 80 to 85 percent at 4 ½, 85 to 90 percent at 5 ½, 90 to 95 percent at 6 ½, and 95 to 100 percent at 7 ½ and 8 ½. A deer with heavy mass or higher antler circumference measurements is usually an older animal. Non-typical points include points that develop off of other points. There are several different ways to rate the quality of deer antlers. Deer antler mass increases with age and good nutrition, but only until maturity is reached. Mass is measured in four places using the flexible tape. However, the size and number of points on a whitetail deer horns are caused by the heredity and diet of … During the second year of the regulation, only about 31% of all bucks brought to check stations were "spikes." P. O. Brow tines are not included in a mule deer rack point count. The length of the main beams is measured using the flexible cable. SCDNR Deer Project Some of the files above are provided in the Adobe® Acrobat® (PDF) format. In the case of a normal 6 point where there is no G3 or G4, find the half way point from G2 and the tip of the main beam and take the circumference there and use this as H3 and H4 measurements. Yearling bucks can carry anything from 2-inch spikes to 10-point basket racks.” To protect more yearling whitetails, researchers prefer antler criteria such as a minimum spread between the main beams, or the beam’s total length. 40-60 points per lb. If a point is unmatched at the end of a main beam, it is considered a normal point and a zero is entered for the measurement of the missing point on the opposite beam. Prior to 2002, the antler restriction was 2 points to an antler or a spike at least 3 inches in length. Deer antlers are quite complex, which is why hunters developed specific terms to refer to the different parts of an antler. Inexperienced measurers will often angle the measurement to get the greatest inside spread regardless of the angle of the tape relative to the skull. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources - Rembert C. Dennis Building Report Include brow tines in your point count for a whitetail deer rack. Therefore, this exercise will only discuss techniques for scoring typical antlers. The most common errors in score calculation are addition and subtraction errors. If there is no G4, H4 is taken half-way between the center of the base of G3 and the tip of the main beam. A whitetail deer with this rack would be said to have a “10 point” rack. Box 167 If this were a mule deer rack, it would be said to have a “4 by 6” rack, assuming that none of the 10 points were brow tines. The statewide harvest data indicates that 95% of all deer with at least 1 unbranched antler have less than a total of 4 points. There are several main parts to an antler. Add all of the deductions to get the total deduction number. To measure the length of a point, you must first establish the base of the point. Normal points arise from the top of the main beam and are usually symmetrically paired with similar-length points on the other antler. G2 is the next tine, then G3, and so on (see photo above). Ultimately, they resemble a doe with antlers. You can measure their width, you can score them using the Boone and Crockett method, or, the most common method, you can count the points. After that, maximum mass is controlled by genetics. For additional instructions on scoring, visit www.boone-crockett.org. Phone Numbers | Accessibility | Contrary to popular belief or hunter tales, the number of points on whitetail deers horns are not determined by how old they are. The underlying basis for scoring antlers is symmetry between the left and right sides. Start by finding the lowest edge on the burr line in the center of the beam (about a 45 degree angle from the back corner of the eye) and use this as the starting point for the length of that beam. Measure each protrusion from the area where it leaves the main beam to its tip. For entry into South Carolina's Antler Records Program, the minimum required score is 125 net for typical racks. However, deer antlers can develop into countless formations that often vary drastically from the "typical". Nutrition. Antler point restrictions have been used as a harvest strategy with the hope they will increase the number of large-antlered bucks in a mule deer population. The vast majority of deer will not have that many, but in … A deer's "points" are determined by the number of tines on their antlers, so an eight pointed male deer has eight distinct tines. At 1-1/2 years of age (yearlings), males grow their first noticeable antlers, which can range in size from spikes to 10 or more antler points. To calculate the score, first find the differences between each corresponding measurement, such as G1 on the left minus G1 on the right, for all G-point measurements. This is typically the location of the brow tine (if the brow tine is missing, the G1 is missing). Deer antler points are the extension spikes or barbs that grow on the main beam. Surroyal Tine – Fourth branch on a separate tine of a deer’s antler. While there are several scoring systems, each with its own set of rules, the Boone and Crockett (B&C) system is widely accepted as the standard from which all others were developed. 1000 Assembly Street, Columbia, SC 29201 Deer antlers become larger and develop more character with each successive shedding. Out West where mule deer roam, we count a deer's antler points only on one side. What determines how many points a deer antler has? The other points are numbered consecutively. A Red deer (Cervus elaphus) stag in the early stages of antler growth during April. The minimum net score required of a typical white-tailed deer B&C entry is 170 for the all-time records and 160 for the three year awards period book. The inside spread of the main beams is measured at a right angle to the center line of the skull at the widest point between the main beams using the carpenters ruler or steel tape. In Missouri counties with antler restrictions, an antlered deer must have at least four points on one side to be taken. The point length is then measured from the tip to this base along the center line of the point using the steel tape. Dan Bergeron, deer project leader with the New Hampshire Fish & Game Department (NHFGD), shared one with me. Record your measurement … When the barbs start growing, they are called tines. Therefore in scoring a typical rack, differences between the same measurements from each side are deducted from the gross, or total, score. Antlers are extensions of an animal's skull found in members of the deer family. Tips. In addition to writing brochure copy for local businesses, she helps new start-up companies develop a local image presence. The most common errors relating to circumferences are using the largest circumference measurements rather than the smallest and not recording an H4 for beams without a G4. The antler restriction is a recognized system for determining what constitutes an antler maturity reached. Before the main beams is measured in four places using the flexible cable to these! Racks have a symmetrical pattern of points depicting an animal that had lived a long and healthy life Leonard Rue! Are provided in the length of the main beam as a point ; but by their shape. N'T heard of all of them exceed the longest main beam as a point because measurement... 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